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Transcript of Embedded Journalism
Uruzgan: formalised by Ministry of Defence
Open to all
'Code of c nduct' "Before, we weren't writing about it at all.
So if you go embedded, you can only write
from the Dutch point of view, but still that
is a point of view." Joris Polman Dutch Media Embedded Journalism What is an embedded journalist? A news reporter who is attached to a military unit
involved in an armed conflict. Pros of Embedded Journalism Maximum access
In-depth coverage (of the military)
Insight into soldiers' lives
Safety H tel Journalism US embedded with the army The Wayne Anderson Case Media Ground Rules The Wayne Anderson Case The Wayne Anderson Case Expelled for reporting unfavorably news about
the war. The Wayne Anderson Case Col. Gregory Julian: The Embed Programme Dutch Media Embedded Journalism Pragmatic about censorship
Insight into operational / tactical side
Access for all: diversity >> 'Diversity Dilemma' World War I. Vietnam War Falkland War Journalists are embedded with the military in a war. What are the pros and cons of this approach to getting the news? Gulf War 1991 Iraq War 2003 Camp Holland, Uruzgan 1914 First embed journalist who has sued the US
military "While Wayne was trying to do the right thing by airing the video, he didn’t consult the Public Affairs Office and thus violated the Media Ground Rules and consequently his accommodation was terminated." Meaning
“live, work and travel as parts of the units… to facilitate maximum, in-depth coverage of US forces in combat or related operations”
“to tell the factual story - good or bad – before others seed the media with disinformation and distortions”
To that end
“Our people in the field need to tell our story.” These rules specify categories of content that cannot be published or visually recorded due to safety concerns. US embedded with the army
Department of Defense in 2002
“media coverage of any future operation will, to a large extent, shape public perception of the national security environment”
“long-term, minimal restrictiveness to US air, ground and naval forces through embedding” The Wayne Anderson Case Sensitive information should not be released to the public Direct censorship
Monopoly on transport
>80% vs. 25%
- Respect security
- Respect the individual
- Respect home
- Respect the coalition "If you explain to your audience that you are
embedded and working on the conditions of the
military, I think they can understand they are
reading only part of the truth." Joris Polman "My opinion hasn't changed. Embedded journalism in the Netherlands is bad journalism." Arnold Karskens 1965 1982 source: collegemediamatters.com Media coverage
War in Iraq 2003 2007 2010 Escalating period De-escalating period Unilateral reporting When journalists cover war stories by traveling independently without logistical support, physical protection, or access to military operations. "'Hotel journalism' is the only phrase for it. More and more Western reporters in Baghdad are reporting from their hotels rather than the streets of Iraq's towns and cities. Some are accompanied everywhere by hired, heavily armed Western mercenaries. A few live in local offices from which their editors refuse them permission to leave,"
- Robert Fisk, Baghdad (17 Jan 2005) Coming up: History
Embedded vs. Unilateral
Embedded journalism in the US
Embedded journalism in the Netherlands
Conclusion Access Censorship Conclusion Conclusion "The first casualty of war is truth."
Hirram W. Johnson, 1917 How can a reporter embedded within one of the most powerful institutions in society also remain critical towards this institution? History "If I had reported that everything was going great, then I would probably still be there" Wayne Anderson His opinion about embedded journalism References References References References References References