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Moses & The Exodus

The Exodus

Thomas Kenny

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Moses & The Exodus

The Exodus

The Passover
The Plagues
At the end of Genesis, the Hebrew people are living and prospering in Egypt. But a new Pharaoh takes the throne, and he begins mistreating them.
The Hebrews are forced into slavery and have to work on Pharaoh's building projects.
A Diabolical Plan
Pharaoh decides that all the male Hebrew babies must die. Some are killed, but the Hebrew midwives will not cooperate with Pharaoh's decision. One child in particular, Moses, escapes this fate.
Moses' family saves him by putting him in a basket and sending him down the Nile River. He is found by Pharaoh's daughter.
Moses is raised in Pharaoh's palace. As he grows up, he sees how badly the Hebrews are treated.
Moses decides to take matters into his own hands. He kills an Egyptian who is beating a Hebrew slave.
Word gets out about what Moses did, so he runs for his life.
Moses settles in Midian, gets married, and has a family. When he's 80 years old, he has an encounter with God that changes his life.
Moses sees a burning bush, and God speaks to him from it. Let's read about it in Exodus 2:23-4:17.
God asks Moses to lead His people out of slavery and into the Promised Land. Moses reluctantly agrees.
The nation of Israel is God's "first born" son. All other nations will take their cues from Israel.
Moses tells Pharaoh to let God's people go. Pharaoh refuses. Read Exodus 5:1-14.
Since Pharaoh won't listen, God sends plagues.
To Pharaoh, Yahweh is just some insignificant, tribal god. God will show Pharaoh that He is the Almighty: more powerful than any of the Egyptian gods.
First Plague
Yahweh: 1
Egyptian gods: 0
The Nile turns into blood.
Hapi was the god of the Nile.
Yahweh: 2
Egyptian gods: 0
Second Plague
Frogs everywhere.
Heket was the god of fertility
and she looked like a frog.
ribbit, ribbit
Yahweh: 3
Egyptian gods: 0
Third Plague
Gnats from the dust of the earth.
Geb was the god of the earth.
Yahweh: 4
Egyptian gods: 0
Fourth Plague
Swarms of flies.
Khepri, the god of creation, had the head of a bug!
Fifth Plague
Death of livestock.
Yahweh: 5
Egyptian gods: 0
Hathor the cow-headed god of love and protection.
Sixth Plague
Sores & Boils
Isis the god of medicine.
Seventh Plague
Nut the sky god.
Yahweh: 7
Egyptian gods: 0
Eighth Plague
Seth, the god of chaos & disorder.
Yahweh: 8
Egyptian gods: 0
Ninth Plague
Ra the sun god.
Yahweh: 9
Egyptian gods: 0
Yahweh: 10
Egyptian gods: 0
Tenth Plague
Death of the
Pharaoh was thought to be god in the flesh.
Pharaoh was warned about the tenth plague - the Passover - from the very beginning (see Ex 4:22-23). If Pharaoh would not release God's "firstborn," then God would take his firstborn.
God tells Moses that He is going to kill all the firstborn in Egypt.
The Israelites may save their firstborn if they slaughter a spotless lamb, and put its blood on their doorposts.
The Israelites must also eat a ceremonial meal of unleavened bread, herbs, and lamb's meat. They will celebrate the Passover every year from that time onward.
At midnight, the "angel," which may also have been God Himself, sweeps across Egypt taking the firstborn with Him (see Ex 11:4; 12:29-30).
The blood of lamb which saved the Israelite slaves from death was a type of the blood of Christ, which now saves us from slavery to sin and eternal death.
With his firstborn dead, Pharaoh sets the Israelites free.
Escape from Egypt
Not long after the Israelites leave, Pharaoh changes his mind and decides to send an army after them to bring them back.
Spiritual Food
The Israelites are now safe, but they long for the days when they were in Egypt. They start complaining that there isn't any food.
Moses was excited to tell the people about all that God had revealed to him. But when he comes down from Mt. Sinai, he's in for the surprise of his life.
That's All Folks!
The Red Sea
God tells Moses to part the Red Sea, and the Israelites pass through unharmed.
But when Egyptians try to pass through, God tells Moses to stretch out his staff and close the sea. It closes on the Egyptians and the army drowns.
We're starving!
So God rains down bread from heaven - manna - to sustain the people.
Manna means
"what is it?"
Manna is a type of the Eucharist.
The Covenant at Sinai
After wandering for three months, God leads Moses to Mt. Sinai. It is at Mt. Sinai that Moses receives the Ten Commandments. The com-mandments represent the terms of God's covenant with the Israelite people.
The Ten Commandments
The Ten Commandments are also called the "Decalogue" meaning "ten words." They summarize our duties to love God and one another.
Moses goes to Mt. Sinai once more, and this time God shows him how to build the Tabernacle, or the tent that would serve as the temple for the people while they wandered.
Full transcript