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time line history
Transcript of time line history
the matter and energy of space
was contained at one point..
The Big Bang actually consisted
of an explosion of space within
itself unlike an explosion of a
bomb were fragments are
thrown outward. The galaxies
were not all clumped together,
but rather the Big Bang lay the
foundations for the universe. LIVE APPERS
(CELLS) 4.6 BILLION YEAR 3.000 MILLION
OF SPICES HOMINIDS AUSTRALOPITHECUS ->3.2 millions
HOMO HABILIS -> 3.5 millions
HOMO ERECTUS -> 1.5 million
HOMO NEADERTHALENSIS ->250 y 50 THOUSAND
HOMO SAPIENS -> 40 y 50 THOUSAND PALEOLITHIC 2.5 BILLION
YEARS AGO is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered.
During the Paleolithic, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and hunting or scavenging wild animals NEOLITHIC 10.2 BILLION
YEARS AGO The period of human culture that began around 10,000 years ago in the Middle East and later in other parts of the world. It is characterized by the beginning of farming, the domestication of animals, the development of crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the making of polished stone tools. The Neolithic Period is generally considered to end for any particular region with the introduction of metalworking, writing, or other developments of urban civilization. Also called New Stone Age. MESOPOTAMIA 3500 BC EGYPT GREECE ROMAN
EMPIRE The Nile River Valley gave rich, fertile soil for farming. Yearly floods provided fresh nutrients. People settled there over 5,000 years ago. The Egyptians believed in many gods and in a perfect eternal life after death. They were ruled by pharaohs with absolute power. After death, they preserved their ruler's bodies by embalming and buried them in pyramid tombs. These royal tombs were decorated by paintings and filled with food, jewelry, clothing, weapons, tools, and statues. Egyptians also invented hieroglyphic writing and made advances in medicine, mathematics, and irrigation and farming methods. Their way of life thrived until 30 BC, when the Romans conquered the empire. 3100 BC The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria and Turkey.The Ancient Greece empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The Greek Empire was most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC The ancient Greeks developed new ideas for government, science, philosophy, religion, and art.
Ancient Greece was split into many different states, each one was ruled in its own way. Each state had its own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion. The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta. V AND IV
BC 500 TO
250 BC Roman civilization started with the city of Rome.
Rome was on the River Tiber on the Italian
Peninsula.This peninsula is in the center of the Mediterranean. Consequently, it is a strategic location and enable, the Romans to estend their territories on three continents: Europe, Africa
Rome conquered all the territories on the Italian Peninsula between 500 and 250 BC it continued to expand across the Mediterranean. Betweenthe 1st ans 2nd centuries AD, Roman territories stretched north to south from the British Isles to the Sahara Desert, and east to west from Mesopotamia to the Iberian Peninsula.
The Roman Empire included people of many different ethnic groups. They were made slaves if they tried to resist Roman rule. The Romans spread their lenguage, Latin, their laws, and their way of life IN 395
(dead of emperor
Theodusius) the Roman Empire
divided into two WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE
(Rome) EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE
(Constantinople) so that it could be
defended more easily. BYZANTINE
EMPIRE ISLAM CAROLINGIAN
EMPIRE FEUDALISM MEDIEVAL
STYLE *DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
PHEHISTORY AND HISTORY 300 AD 600 AD 800 AD 11th CENTURY 1000 AD 12th CENTURY 12th CENTURY the Eastern Roman Empire resisted the
Germanic invasions . It was know as the
Byzantine Empire,it lasted for another 10 centuryes. Its capital was constantinople,
formerly Byzantium. Byzantine emperor was Justinian. He
ruled with his wife Theodora between
527 and 565. He tried to rebuild the Roman Empire. After Justinian's death, the Byzantine Empire
began to lose territory.
By the 15th century, only Constantinople remained. In 1453, the city was conquered by the Thurks. Muhammad was a merchant from Mecca. HE
learned about two monotheistic religions, Judaism and Christianity. He preached a new religion:Islam.
The rich merchants ok Mecca thought that Muhammad was a danger to society and he moved to Medina in 622. Muhammad formed a powerfull army and in 628 he conquered Mecca. Islam spread throughout Arabia. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the
Frankish kingdom was established in
France. The kings were weak. The most
important of these was Charles Martel. He defeated the Muslims in France, at the battle of tours in 732.
Pippin the Short, Martel's son, was succeeded by his son Charlemagne, who wanted to restore the Western Roman Empire. He conquered many territories.
In 800, the Pope crowned Charlemagne as the new Emperor of the West. From the 11th century, a new style of art spread throughout Western Europe. It is known as Romanesque because it is reminiscent of roman art.
Romanesque art aimed to spread religion and bring people closer to god.
As a people couldn't speak or write, they used the art to communicate the message of the bible's history.
The most representative building for romanesque art was the the church. THE ORIGIN OF FEUDALISM
After the Carolingian Empire, Europe was divided into numerous kingdoms. The king's protection, they turned to the nobles. Nobles had their own armies and castles. In exchange for protection, the peasants had to work for the nobles. They became the nobles' serfs.
FEUDALISM: A NEW SOCIAL SYSTEM
Under feudalism, grear nobles had complete control over their lands. The king's power was limited to the lands he controlled directly.
Barons governed in the king's name in exchange for a fief or manor. The barons became the king's vassals by accepting the king's supremacy. They did this at a ceremony where they paid homage.
They promised to govern the land which they had been given, and to provide troops and fight for the king when necessary. These lords could also have vassals, who were usually nobles of a lower rank. they swore allegiance to their lord and received a smaller fief. In cities food production increased and there was
less hunger. As a result, increase the population and the trade. So that appears the development of trade and banking Gothic art was a style of Medieval art that developed in France out of Romanesque art in the mid-12th century, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture. It spread to all of Western Europe, but took over art more completely north of the Alps, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy. The simplest definition of "prehistory"
is a time before written records. This
span of time is different for different cultures in different parts of the world, depending on
when writing was developed.
Archaeologists and historians can still
learn a great deal about various cultures even if they didn't leave us written records. And History start whan appears the firts written records