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Transcript of Mammogram
What is a Mammogram?
-A mammogram is the process of using very low dose X-rays to examine the breast for cancer
-A mammography exam, also know as a mammogram helps in detecting and diagnosis of breast cancer in women
How does it work?
-A patients breast is placed on a flat plate and compressed with another parallel plate. this can be very painful.
-Then a x-ray machine will a small burst of x-rays that pass through the breast to a detector on the opposite side.
How does it work continued...
- The detector could be a photographic film plate or a solid state detector which can emit electronic signals to a computer to form a detailed digital image of the breast from different angles. Also known as mammograms.
Categories/ levels of mammogram screening
Statistics about Mammograms
By: Evan Culliton
- The radiologist will read your mammogram to look for changes or abnormalities. Many centers in Canada use Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) to report the results of the mammogram.
Why are Mammograms important?
-Mammograms help detect cancer early so that it can be easier to treat.
- Also mammograms can prevent the need for extensive treatment for advanced cancers and improve chances of breast cancer.
- Did you know that mammograms show changes in the breast up to two years before the patient can feel them.
-The system called BI-RADS includes seven standardized categories, or levels. Each BI-RADS category has a follow up plan associated with it to help radiologists and other physicians appropriately manage a patients care
When should you get a Mammogram
-Women ages 40 to 44 should start to get a annual breast cancer screening with mammograms.
- Women age 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year because the risk to cancer is the highest in this age group
- Women 55 and older should switch to mammograms every 2 years.
-Mammography is good at finding breast cancer, especially in women ages 50 and older. Overall, the sensitivity of mammography is about 84 percent.
-This means mammography correctly identifies about 84 percent of women who truly have breast cancer. Sensitivity is higher in women over 50 than in younger women.
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"What Is a Mammogram?" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 04 Apr. 2016. Web. 06 May 2017.
"Mammography." National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 02 Feb. 2017. Web. 06 May 2017
"Cancer Screening Guidelines | Detecting Cancer Early." American Cancer Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2017.