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WWII The American Home Front & the Impact on Minorities
Transcript of WWII The American Home Front & the Impact on Minorities
Zoot Suit Riots
Japenese Internment Camps
Over 100,000 Japanese
Was authorized when F.D.R. issued the Executive Order 9066
JACL contests order and Supreme Court upheld Constitutionality of the internment
Conditions in camps were poor
1990 repreation checks for $20,000 sent to each family
However, medical care and education were still provided, which were essential to the arguments that supported internment
War Production Board-industry to war
Office of Price Administration-set prices and rationed goods
War Manpower Commission-directed labor to war industries
War Labor Board-settled management disputes
Office of War Information-carried out the propaganda
Office of Scientific Research and Development-broght scientists together to work on scientific discoveries to win the war
Senate War Investing Committee-corruption in wartime efforts.
Women joined workforce
Child Labor-third of all teenagers from 14 to 18 worked many of which were from various minority groups
Created millions of jobs
Role of Women
Women's employment increased by nearly 60%
Rosie the Riveter
Women services and Organizations
Homefront During WWII
How might World War II and wars in general unite a country,
and how might they divide a country?
CORE- Congress of Racial Equality
A. Philip Randolph - planned a 100,000 strong protest march on Washington to press for equal employment rights
Double V Campaign
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Southern population decreases by 1,244,000 and other New England, Midwest and West expands
Now and Then
Have you ever felt judged or characterized based on your clothing?
1942 survey indicated that 40 percent more Native Americans voluntarily enlisted than had been drafted
2,500 Navajos helped construct the Fort Wingate Ordnance Depot in New Mexico, and Pueblo Indians helped build the Naval Supply Depot in Utah
About 40,000 Indian men and women, aged 18 to 50, left reservations for the first time to find jobs in defense industries
Despite their contributions they often experienced discrimination and hatred as they were often mistaken for Japanese Americans