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Diabetes Mellitus (NHPA)

Annie Baker, Holly Byrden and Ashleigh Bryant
by

annie baker

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Diabetes Mellitus (NHPA)

NHPA Diabetes Mellitus
Health Promotion Strategy
NHPA
Diabetes Mellitus has been selected as a NHPA because it has become a common burden on the Australian society and tax players. For example, 4% of Australians have diabetes. This is equivalent to an estimated population of 898,000 people. The government has also spent $990 million on treating diabetes in 2004-2005 (that’s 1.9% of health expenditure). Type 2 diabetes has also become the most common form of diabetes, affecting 85 to 90 per cent of all people with diabetes. It usually develops in adults over the age of 45, but it is increasingly developing at a younger age.

Risk Factors
A risk factor is an influence that can potentially increase the likely hood of ill health.
Future generations are put at risk as this condition is hereditary (passed down through genes from parents)
3 in 5 of people with diabetes are also at risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the near future as a result. Maintaining a healthy body weight through exercise can help to reduce this risk.
Pregnancies are put at risk of being affected by diabetes (1 in 20 women/ 44,000 women between 2005 and 2007). Prenatal development may be interrupted and could lead to life threatening conditions.
Those of lower socioeconomic status will have limited access to education and insight to the consequences of an unbalanced diets and smoking can bring. So they will continue to eat the same foods and smoke. This will bring a negative outcome.
Different social groups can have negative influences in terms of the consumption of "junk food" and " fast food", which could develop into unhealthy habits and ultimately lead to the diagnoses of type 2 diabetes.
Limited access to recreational facilities including gyms or running tracks in the local neighborhood, decreases the amount of exercise individuals participate in.
Health Burdens
Direct: Insulin and extra dietary costs. In a high economy, healthier eating options are at a higher cost making it difficult to provide large quantities of suitable foods such as fruits and vegetables. Also not all needles and insulin vials are subsidized making this another expense. This could affect your physical health.

Indirect: If the person has developed ketones and it has resulted in amputation of a limb, this will restrict/stop their ability to work and hence making them unable to receive their working income. This could affect your social health.

Intangible: As a result of unemployment you could be come anxious, depressed and/or very stressed, since you may not be able to see co-workers or your children will have to see you suffer. This could affect your mental health.
Key Features of Diabetes Mellitus
What is the condition?
Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which there is efficient functioning of the insulin excreting organ, the pancreas, but their insulin absorbing cells have insufficient functioning therefore not allowing proper conversion and breaking down of glucose (insulin resistance). There may also not be enough insulin produced for the entire body.
The aims and objectives of this program include:
• A 10-12 week physical activity and education program including healthy eating and lifestyle advice.
• Assistance with increasing physical activity levels and improving healthy lifestyle behaviours to prevent or manage diabetes and other chronic conditions in a safe and supportive environment with the goal of ensuring participants are competent to exercise independently following program completion.
‘Beat It’ – Implemented by the Australian Diabetes Council

The BEAT IT program is suitable for people who may be overweight and/or obese, with or at risk of diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, arthritis, osteoporosis and any other lifestyle related chronic condition.
The 'Beat It' program attempts to prevent the incidence of Diabetes Mellitus by promoting physical activity by running exercise programs, improving healthy lifestyle choices by including healthy eating advice and by having small groups to include a strong social aspect.
There are many conditions associated and within diabetes. Some are triggered by other conditions and some inherited or are hereditary. These can include the following:
Type One Diabetes: Type I diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. Type I diabetes is caused by the production of little or no insulin. Without the production of this insulin the body is unable to turn glucose into energy. This forces the body into burning its own fats instead. This burning of fat can cause the production of harmful chemicals in the blood and can lead to a condition known as ketoacidosis which can be life-threatening if left untreated. Most cases are caused by the destruction of insulin producing cells in the pancreas Most of type I diabetes cases are diagnosed before the age of 30 and are most common in childhood. Type I diabetes accounts for around 10 – 15% of all diabetes cases in Australia.

Type Two Diabetes- Type 2 diabetes is known as a ‘lifestyle disease’ as it is often triggered by being inactive or carrying excess weight around the abdomen. It tends to be hereditary and it is not uncommon to have high cholesterol and high blood pressure as well.

Gestational Diabetes – is a temporary state of diabetes that may occur during pregnancy, it also increases a woman's risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Other diabetes including brittle diabetes.
Personal trainers and other health experts provide call lines where they are able to contact The BEAT IT TEAM
Phone: 1300 DIABETES or 1300 342 238
E-mail: beat-it@australiandiabetescouncil.com
Clip that reflects Diabetes Mellitus
Determinants
Biological
Body weight – being overweight or obese are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The exact relationship between body weight and diabetes is no completely understood. However, excess body weight is known to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Behavioral
Excessive alcohol consumption – many forms of alcohol contain large
amounts of energy, especially beer and mixed drinks, which can contribute
to obesity, which is a risk factor for type 2 and gestational diabetes.

Physical Environment
Transport systems – Transportation systems that foster passive methods of transport, such as car transport, can increase the risk of obesity and
type 2 diabetes.

Social
Occupation – People in managerial and other sedentary occupations may be
more at risk of obesity and type two diabetes due to lack of physical
activity.


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