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Philosopher Study-bell hooks
Transcript of Philosopher Study-bell hooks
Interested in gender, race, class, teaching & the significance of media for contemporary culture
Published a Wide Range of work including:
Theoretical studies on race, gender & class
Volumes on film & art
Trilogy on education
B.A. English from Stanford University in 1973
M.A. English from the University of Wisconsin in 1976
Ph.D. English from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1983
Professor of English at Yale University & Oberlin College
Distinguished professor of English at City College of New York
Currently the Distinguished Professor in Residence in Appalachian Studies at Berea College in Kentucky.
Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom (1994)
Portrays how the traditional system of education reproduces and maintains structural inequalities.
Offers ideas to create a democratic classroom
Engaged Pedagogy vs. Unengaged Pedagogy
Influenced by Paulo Freire’s concept of “conscientization,” the idea that every member of a class ought to be an “active participant, not a passive consumer.” (p. 14)
Multicultural Pedagogy- create a space where all voices can be heard
"To educate as the practice of freedom is a way of teaching that anyone can learn" (p. 13)
Teaching should not only occur in classrooms
Issues of race and racism must be discussed to create change-"No one is born a racist. Everyone makes a choice."
Spirituality in Education-Teaching requires love and it is needed to foster a holistic education
Education is the key to undermining racist, classist, and sexist beliefs and practices
Black Feminist Theory
Ain't I a Woman?: Black Women and Feminism (1981)
Explores how Race and Gender contributed to the marginalization of black women during slavery
Black women had the lowest status and worst conditions of any group in American society
Under-representation of black female experiences and struggles
Feminist Theory: from Margin to Center (2000)
White Supremacist Capitalist Patriarchy-interlocking system of race, class, & gender work to oppress marginalized people
Teaching Critical Thinking: Practice Wisdom (2010)
Gloria Jean Watkins
Born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky on September 25, 1952
Working-class family with 5 sisters and 1 brother
Father, Veodis Watkins, was a custodian & Mother, Rosa Bell Watkins, was a homemaker
32 short essays that address a variety of issues in the classroom that promote engaged pedagogy & critical thinking
Focus the importance of love & communication in the classroom
Teaching Community: A Pedagogy of Hope (2004)
Dimitriadis, G., & Kamberelis, G., (2006). Theory for Education. New York, NY: Routledge. p 145-150.
Florence, N. (1998). bell hooks' Engaged Pedagogy : A Transgressive Education for Critical Consciousness. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.
hooks, b. (1981). Ain't I a Woman?: Black women and feminism. Boston, MA: South End.
hooks, b. (1994). Teaching To Transgress: Education in the Practice of Freedom. New York, NY: Routledge.
hooks, b. (2000). Feminist Theory: from Margin to Center. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: South End.
hooks, b. (2004). Teaching Community: A pedagogy of Hope. New York, NY: Routledge.
hooks, b. (2009). Teaching Critical Thinking : Practical Wisdom. New York, NY: Routledge.