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Child Psychology

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Renee Jones

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of Child Psychology

Working memory training in young children with ADHD: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.
About the Field
- This article is a reflection of the typical articles found in this study because a lot of them address cognitive functions and disorders. It is very reliable because the impact factor of the journal is 5.42.
Thank you!
Clinical Child Psychology
The Career Field
Brandon Dillard,
Miranda Carlson, &
Renee Jones

Until now, working memory training has not reached sufficient evidence as effective treatment for ADHD core symptoms in children with ADHD; for young children with ADHD, no studies are available. To this end, a triple-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was designed to assess the efficacy of Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) in young children with ADHD.
This study was conducted under the hypothesis that Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) with young children with ADHD is beneficial as a non pharmacological alternative, and that effective working-memory should lead to growth in a domain-general attentional capacity, and show transfer effects to untrained tasks.
of clinical child psychology is to investigate and remediate mental health problems for children, adolescents, and their families."
- This field usually requires a doctorate degree. (PhD or PsyD)
- The
of Clinical Child Psychology include Mental Health Centers, Schools, Inpatient Centers, Private Practices and University Research.
- We focused on two careers.
(Clinical Child Psychology & Pediatric)
- Clinical child psychologists address cognitive deficits, developmental disorders, coping, behavioral issues, & school performance. They work in the settings
Inpatient treatment centers
the most intense form of interventions. Psychologists here focus on assessments, diagnosis, and provide direct psychotherapy.
- In the
setting, psychologists focus on academic performance and behavior management. ($71,840)
- In
private practices,
psychologists focus on assessments and treatments. ($66,750)
- In
mental health centers
, the focus is community-based, primarily on social welfare juvenile justice, and health care. ($72, 710)

Pediatric Psychologists
- The job of pediatric psychologists are to focus on the psychological and physical well-being of children, along with the prevention of illness.
- Pediatric psychologists that work in
work with families and physicians. They focus on medical illnesses, adjustments to diseases, and problem prevention.
($86, 070)
- Anyone that does
in both fields focus on pediatric psychological issues, social interactions, and interventions to improve quality of life for the child and their family.
($91, 990)

- We chose this article because we have personal associations with friends and family members that have ADHD.
Working memory training in young children with ADHD: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.
Significant improvement in favor of the active condition was found on a verbal working memory task.
However, it did not survive correction for multiple testing.
No significant treatment effect on any of the primary or other secondary outcome measurements was found.
No near-transfer effects were not maintained after multiple test. Additionally, far-transfer effects were absent.
This study retested for significance but the results were not significant like they were hypothesized to be. In turn, nothing could really be concluded.
The compliance criterion met for 47 children (5-7 years) with a diagnosis of ADHD (without current psychotropic medication) were randomly assigned to the active or placebo training condition for 25 sessions during 5 weeks.
The primary outcome measure concerned the core behavioral symptoms of ADHD, measured with the ADHD Rating Scale IV . Secondary outcome measures were neurocognitive functioning, daily executive functioning, and global clinical functioning. .
1) Which can
be drawn from the article “Working memory training in young children with ADHD: A randomized placebo-controlled trial?”
- Cogmed Working Memory Training
superior to placebo-training in improving non-trained neurocognitive and behavioral functioning in children with ADHD
- Cogmed Working Memory Training
was not
superior to placebo-training in improving non-trained neurocognitive and behavioral functioning in children with ADHD
- Far-transfer effects were present in children after the study
- Working memory plays a significant role in testing for ADHD

2) How was the study set up?
- Double-Blind
- Triple Blind
- Quasi-Experimental
- Non-Blind

3) What was the primary outcome that was being measured?
- Effects that working memory has on ADHD
- How ADHD affects memory
- How much ADHD medicine affects working memory
- The core behavioral symptoms of ADHD

4) Which setting endures the most intense forms of intervention?
- Mental Health Hospitals
- Inpatient Treatment Centers
- School settings
- Hospitals
- The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, and the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology are journals focused on publishing research from this area.
- Bureau of Labor and Statistics
- http://careersinpsychology.org/becoming-a-child-psychologist/
- http://www.zeepedia.com/read.php?pediatric_and_child_psychology_history_and_perspective_clinical_psychology&b=84&c=44

Definition: "Study of origins and course of individual patterns of maladaptation."

Understand how disorders emerge and progress.

Research: Help identify what will benefit children by preventing or treating childhood problems.
Developmental Psychopathology in Clinical Child Psychology
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