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Brook Farm

Utopian society project

amy zhang

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Brook Farm

"Utopian society" Brook Farm Utopian society Brook Farm Basic Information Brook Farm, also known as Brook Farm Institute for Agriculture and Education, was founded by Sophia and George Ripley in the 1840s. People on Brook Farm believed that by sharing the workload, ample time would be available for leisure and intellectual pursuits.
The main source of income was from the school. The farm offered a preschool, a primary school and a collage preparatory school, which attracted children internationally and each child was charged for his or her education. The beginning George and Sophia Ripley started a joint stock company along with 10 other initial investors in 1841. They chose to begin their experiment at a dairy farm owned by Charles and Maria Mayo Ellis. Ripley received many applications to join the community, mostly by the poor and the ill. However full membership was only granted to those who paid the $500 for a share. Decline Brook Farm began to decline rapidly after awhile. To save money, "retrenchments", or sacrifices, were called for, mostly at the dining table, Food such as meat, fruit and butter was no longer offered.However for an additional surcharge it was agreed that some could eat at a special table with meat.Many Brook Farmers applied for exceptions to these rules and soon it was agreed that "members of the Association who sit at the meat table shall be charged extra for their board". The condition was worsened as an outbreak of smallpox broke out at the farm.
Thankfully no one died but 26 Brook Farmers were infected. Down fall Construction on the Phalanstery, a ambitious building started putting the farm even deeper in debt. however, construction on the Phalanstery was progressing well until the evening of March 3, 1846, when the Phalanstery had caught fire. Within two hours, the structure had completely burned down; the firefighters came too late and the farm was deeper in debt than ever. " The fire was likely caused by a defective chimney." One participant noted, "The financial blow from the loss of the uninsured building was $7,000 and it marked the beginning of the end of Brook Farm. Connections to the giver Women was given equal roles in the community in both societies.
In each community leisure time was balanced with work time.
Jobs were assigned based on preference and skill in both communities.
In the community of the Farm they did not believe in sameness, They had no traditional clothes but existing in the 1800's they wore the traditional clothes from their era.
people opted to join the Farm and they could leave and work outside the community but in the giver they had no relationship or even knowledge of the world around them, unless they had a profession that brought them there.
Unlike many real life utopian societies they did not believe in equality but balance.
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