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The Roaring Twenties
Transcript of The Roaring Twenties
Their works were considered the first in the modern era and focused on new themes of "self-exile, indulgence, and spiritual alienation."
They replaced the previous Victorian Era works with a new form that is still valid today. Influence on Today Modernism was the belief that assurances once provided by religion, politics, or society were no longer sufficient.
It was a time for experimenting with new styles of art and literature.
Ezra Pound’ famous quote “Make it new” was a common modernist motto and urged new form and style.
Modernism is considered a revolutionary literature movement. Modernism 1920’s Paris The Name Authors of the Lost Generation The Lost Generation was the generation of writers, artists, and poets active during and following World War I.
Their characteristics were lost values, a lost belief in human progress, and despair.
“All gods dead, all wars fought, all faiths in man shaken.”
-Ernest Hemingway An Overview John Dos Passos Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald Ezra Pound T.S. Eliot Gertrude Stein Ernest Hemingway Best Known Members Their literature both defined common culture of the time and criticized it.
Also, they believed that their literature should "challenge and unsettle readers."
Overall, it was a mix of experimentation with new technique and forms. For example, Hemingway replaced "florid prose" of 19th century literature with straightforward prose based on action. Their Literature Pablo Picasso Through it was primarily a literary movement, the art produced was revolutionary as well.
The feelings of dissolution and despair flowed into their artwork, and created works of new style.
The previous Romantic era artwork was replaced with new modern art. Their Art World War I took many lives and left many families broken.
Many in the Lost Generation were involved in World War I and after words considered it senseless brutality.
Their “faiths and moral guideposts” that had earlier given them hope were lost. World War One "Ancient Music by Ezra Pound." thingsthatmadeanimpression . Meta. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://thingsthatmadeanimpression.wordpress.com/2012/07/27/ancient-music-by-ezra-pound/>.
Angel , Bill. "The Sun Also Rises." Living With Literature. Woothemes. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://livingwithliteraturee.com/2011/06/29/the-sun-also-rises/sun-also-rises-2/>.
Carradice , Phill. "The Battle of Mametz." BBC. BBC, 11 Nov 2010. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/wales/posts/battle_of_mametz_woods>.
Cart, Zen. "ePhermeraStudios.com." The 42nd Parallel. ePhemeraStudios, 1 Jan 2011. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://ephemerastudio.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=2_19&products_id=28>.
Chase, . "Pablo Picasso." Save the Artist. N.p., 23 Jun 2011. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.savetheartist.net/small-and-flat/pablo-picasso/>.
Coale, Samual Chase Ph.D.. "F. Scott Fitzgerald." Americal Novel. pbs, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/timeline/fitzgerald.html>.
Esty, Jed. "T.S. Eliot." Columbia.Edu. University of Illinios, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.columbia.edu/itc/history/winter/w3206/edit/tseliotlittlegidding.html>.
"Ernest Hemingway Images." Pix Mule. Amazon, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.pixmule.com/ernest-hemingway/23/>.
"Gertrude Stein 1874-1946." Poetry Foudation. Harriet Monroe Poetry Institute, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/gertrude-stein>.
Goldberg, Matt. "Isla Fisher May Play Myrtle Wilson in Baz Luhrmann’s THE GREAT GATSBY." Collider.com. top Lingo, 18 Apr 2011. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://collider.com/the-great-gatsby-isla-fisher/>.
Hayden, TD. "The Lost Generation, Literature of the 1920s." wordpress. N.p., 27 Jul 2010. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://tdhayden.wordpress.com/>.
Hill, W.E.. "This Side of Paradise (1920), Dust Jacket Illistration." This Side of Paradise. Board of Trustees of the University of South Carolina, 24 Nov 1997. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/collection/dustjackets/paradise.html>.
Hoffstein, Christin Arnold, Paul, Paul Hoffstein, and Barbara Hoffstein. "Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Gertrude Stein 1906." Multimania. Metropolitan Museum of Art New York. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://usuarios.multimania.es/capcreus/picasso.uk.htm>.
Jones, Parneshia. "John Dos Passos." The Chicago Literary Hall of Fame. Chicago Writers Association , n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.chicagoliteraryhof.org/PersonDetail.aspx?PersonID=76>. Works Cited The feelings of despair in America eventually turned into hedonism or seeking self pleasure.
In disagreement with this new found way, the majority of the Lost Generation fled to France to live a “bohemian” lifestyle or free of conventions. Becoming Ex- Patriots Why Were They Lost? Their Works (Matterson) (Montgomery College) (Hayden) ("Ernest Hemingway Images") (Coale) (Jones) (Esty) (Chase) ("Ancient Music by Ezra Pound") ("Gertrude Stein 1874-1946") (Hoffstein) (Angel) During a conversation with Hemingway, Gertrude Stein referred to them saying, “You are all a lost generation.”
Then in 1926, Hemingway used the phrase in his novel, The Sun Also Rises.
The book's popularity spread the phrase, and it stuck. (Medford Highschool English Department) (Matterson) (Montgomery College) (Nutsch) (Carradice) (Kerry) World War I Grave Sight World War I Trenches (Wilson) (Matterson) (Medford Highschool English Department) (Martin) (Matterson) (Matterson) (Montgomery) (Hill) ("T.S. Eliot the Wasteland") Flappers:
The New Woman blsciblogs.baruch.cuny.edu What careers were flappers likely to lead? To answer this question, we
must look at what flappers
were, and how this new
generation of women had
been born. Repercussions of World War I With so much of the workforce away in trenches, woman were forced to work. This dramatically changed gender roles. After the war, Americans attempted to go back to the pre-war status quo."They found themselves expected to settle down into the humdrum routine of American life as if nothing had happened... They couldn't do it, and they very disrespectfully said so." (qtd. in Rosenberg, 1) Gertrude Stein (Special Collections) (Goldburg) (Cart) Common 19th Century Romantic Era 1920s Picasso (Period Art) (Period Art) (Weeping Women 1937) Martin, Christopher. "Timeline of Literary and Historical Events." English 200E: Reading Liturature throught the Eyes of the Editors. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://textualtheory200.weebly.com/our-literature-timeline.html>.
Matterson, Stephen. "1920s-1930s Lost Generation." American Novel. pbs, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/timeline/lostgeneration.html>.
McDermott, Kerry. "The home front: Man builds 60ft-long World War I TRENCH in his back garden - and then invites history buffs round for re-enactment." Mail Online. The Mail on Sundays Metro Media Group, 1 Nov 2012. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2226235/Historian-Andrew-Robertshaw-builds-60ft-long-First-World-War-TRENCH-Surrey-garden-highlight-plight-frontline-Tommies.html>.
Nutsch, . "Lost Generation." listal. Zillow, 20 Jun 2011. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.listal.com/list/lost-generation>.
"One Man's Intuition (1917)." The Book Depository. The Book Depository, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.bookdepository.com/One-Mans-Initiation-John-Dos-Passos/9780819153609>.
"Pablo Picasso." eMemorials, A Place to Remember. KEYSS, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://pablo-picasso.ememorials.in/>.
Period Art, . "Georgian Era." Period Art, You Name It, We Paint it, Beautifully. Fine Art for Homes. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.period-art.com/The-Georgian-Era-Explained(1466837).htm>.
Special Collections, . "A Farewell to Arms." University of Delaware Library. DElaware University, 12 Dec 2010. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/exhibits/hemngway/farewell.htm>.
"THE LOST GENERATION: AMERICAN WRITERS OF THE 1920'S." Montgomery College. Montgomery College, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/Departments/hpolscrv/jbolhofer.html>.
"The Lost Generation, And Introduction to the Movement." . Medford High School English Department, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <misterambrose.com/.../The_Lost_Generation_Introductory_PowerPoi...>.
"T.S. Eliot The Waste Land." Mantex. Hogarth Press, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.mantex.co.uk/2009/10/04/t-s-eliot-the-waste-land/>.
"Weeping Women 1937." Tate. Succession Picasso, n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/picasso-weeping-woman-t05010>.
Wilson, Timothy E.. "CFP: Interwar/International: Reading the 1920s & 1930s." Cuny Academic Commons. CUNY, 6 DEcember 2010. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http://french.commons.gc.cuny.edu/2010/12/06/cfp-interwarinternational-reading-the-1920s-1930s/>. The Flapper Era primarily arose from the Lost Generation. F. Scott Fitzgerald was of the first to use the term, creating the image and style of the flapper. He described them as "lovely, expensive, and about nineteen." (qtd in Rosenberg, 2) The young women were often captured in films and literature, creating many famous flappers, such as: "The flapper attitude was characterized by stark truthfulness, fast living, and sexual behavior. Flappers seemed to cling to youth as if it were to leave them at any moment. They took risks and were reckless. So they smoked... [and] drank alcohol. At a time when the United States had outlawed alcohol (Prohibition), young women were starting the habit early. Some even carried hip-flasks full so as to have it on hand. More than a few adults didn't like to see tipsy young women. Flappers had a scandalous image..." (Rosenberg, 2) http://the100.ru/en/womens/coco-chanel.html http://mentalfloss.com/article/30856/18-fabulous-photos-famous-flappers (Matterson) http://main.stylelist.com/2008/04/23/find-flapper-style-bridesmaids-dresses/ http://mentalfloss.com/article/22604/rise-flapper (Medford) Timeline of Literary Movements Coco Chanel She made a major contribution to
flapper society; developing their image and style. She created the newest and latest trends, designing out Paris. People believed her to be the cutting edge in fashion; breaking free from the traditional Victorian corset. She was impossibly successful, her brand Chanel still wildly popular today. ("Coco Chanel Biography," 1) https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=JqJB6s_TiSYgvM&tbnid=0Pk2ro6uYrYLTM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpinkmanhattan.blogspot.com%2F2010%2F11%2Fchanel-n5-revisited-russian-leather.html&ei=eJ5bUfLyBZPm9gSwloDwAg&bvm=bv.44697112,d.eWU&psig=AFQjCNGUP2Ht1j542hpgP8GXxW4nyVHpLg&ust=1365045110176816 https://www.google.com/search?q=gibson+girl+by+charles+dana+gibson&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=53dbUfq_GIT49QTl3IHoAQ&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=667#imgrc=UO6huWATfOrsrM%3A%3BMEvSF_NkyfHZyM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fimages.fineartamerica.com%252Fimages-medium-large%252Fgibson-gibson-girl-1900-granger.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Ffineartamerica.com%252Ffeatured%252Fgibson-gibson-girl-1900-granger.html%3B733%3B900 Aviation and Racing: Unknown Territory Adventurers such as Amelia Earhart and Hellé Nice decided to jump
into something which was at time, a Man's world. Women in Congress The first woman, Jeannette Rankin, was elected to the House of Representatives in 1916. Women would win the right to vote only four years later. After these monumental events, the flapper movement began, empowering more women. Rebecca Felton became the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate in 1922. That same year, Alice Robertson became the first woman to preside over the House of Representatives. In 1923, Mae Nolan became the first woman to chair a congressional committee. Flappers Careers Impact America Originally a dancer, Hellé Nice changed gears after a skiing accident. Soon after, she was winning titles and title, beating plenty of men. She was dubbed "The Queen of Speed," exclaiming of the ''great roaring race car in your hands that wants only to go faster.'' (Liesl Schillinger, 1) -In 1928, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic, as a passenger. In 1932, became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic alone. Two years later, Amelia and her navigator Fred Noonan would make their legendary around-the-world flight. After completing 22,000 miles of their journey, they were last seen on takeoff from Lae, New Guinea, on July 2nd, 1937. She inspired countless female pioneers.
-"Women must try to do things as men have tried. When they fail, their failure must be but a challenge to others." ("Women in Aviation's 100 most influential women in the aviation and aerospace industry", 1) 70624892.nhd.weebly.com With the new idea that women could hold jobs just as important as men's, the sky was the limit. WORKS CITED "18 Fabulous Photos of Famous Flappers | Mental Floss." Random, Interesting, Amazing Facts - Fun Quizzes and Trivia | Mental Floss. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://mentalfloss.com/article/30856/18-fabulous-photos-famous-flappers>.
Category. "Flappers in the Roaring Twenties." 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/a/flappers.htm>.
"Coco Chanel - Biography on Bio.." Bio: Shows, Video, TV Schedule and More on Bio.. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/coco-chanel.html>.
"I’m No Lady; I’m a Member of Congress | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives." US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/WIC/Historical-Essays/No-Lady/Introduction/>.
SCHILLINGER, LIESL. "The New York Times > Books > Sunday Book Review > 'Bugatti Queen': Fast and Loose." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/26/books/review/26SCHLLIN.html?_r=0>.
"The Rise of the Flapper | Mental Floss." Random, Interesting, Amazing Facts - Fun Quizzes and Trivia | Mental Floss. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://mentalfloss.com/article/22604/rise-flapper>.
"Women in Aviation's 100 most influential women in the aviation and aerospace industry." Women in Aviation, International Official Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.wai.org/pioneers/100womensc