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Benjamin Franklin

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Logan Pham

on 18 May 2016

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Transcript of Benjamin Franklin

Background
Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. His father was named Josiah, who was a soap maker. He only had 2 years of formal schooling, then dropped out because of a money shortage in his family. He would then run away from his family to start his own newspaper company. He started his own business that concentrated on science and inventing.
His main philosophy
Benjamin Franklin's main philosophy was politics. Franklin had the greatest impact on politics. He had many political books, or writings, that were full of reflections of human nature. He also had a great understanding of the qualities of the mind and the heart, which would be nessecary to support freedom, or liberty, and maintain happiness.
Main Philosophy Pt.2
Ben Franklin had both good political and religious views. He would have considered himself a diest, which would mean that he believed that God has created the universe but would remain apart from it. The Enlightenment period, which was first occuring in parts of western Europe, made other thinkers, such as John Locke look into democracy, science, reason, and secularism for answers about the world that they did not know about. Franklin played an important role in bringing these ideas to the United States.
Influence on law, human rights, social issues
Ben Frankin's view on law was that the people would choose the government. This would mean that people would choose representatives that they think that would make the country stronger, and better. He contributed to the Declaration of Independence and believed that "all men are created equal." Ben Franklin had a good influence on human rights. For example, Franklin was really generous to his people in the colonies. He gave money to those who needed it and he was a great humanitarian. He was also involved in making a school for African Americans. Although he owned slaves, by the time he was 81 years old, he was named president of America's first abolitionist group.
Biography
Benjamin Franklin was an inventor and worked in the field of science. He also was determined to find out worldly phenomena that occured all around him. Lightning that struck his town made Franklin think about how it was made. He was trying to find what caused the lightning to strike. This is what drove him to perform different experiments that tested his theory. His theory was that negative charges mix with positive charges, which causes a lightning strike to occur. He started as an apprentice to his brother who runs a newspaper printer. His brother's name is James. His brother then got imprisoned because he was making fun of the clergy, so Franklin had to take over the business until his brother got out. Upon his release from jail, James was not grateful for Ben fot taking over his business. He constantly got beaten by James, until it was too much for him. Therefore, Ben ran away to Philidelphia looking for a job as a printer.
Political and social events during his life
There were many social and political events that occured during Benjamin Franklin's life. One of them was the Treaty of Paris. This was signed on September 3, 1783, and it officially ended the Revolutionary War. Another event was the Albany Plan of Union. This was a common defense policy established in Albany, New York. This was created to improve relations with the Iroquois Indians. The next event was the Stamp Act. This was the act that placed a tax on papers and stamps in the colonies. This was passed by the parliament in 1767.
Benjamin Franklin
By Logan Pham
Quotes and explanation
“By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.”
Meaning: In order to be successful, you must take the time to prepare. Otherwise you will likely fail.

“Well done is better than well said.”
Meaning: Doing things is more important than just saying it. In other words, actions speak louder than words.

“He that can have patience can have what he will.”
Meaning: Patience is a virtue, and good things come to those who wait.

“Fear not death for the sooner we die, the longer we shall be immortal.”
Meaning: The good deeds and things you do will live on forever and in how you are remembered.

Similarities and differences to other Philosophers at the time
Two other philosophers that were in Franklin's time period were Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Montesquieu. Franklin and the other philosophers had some things in common, and things that are different. Montesquieu was a French philosopher that lived from 1689 to 1755. He was responsible for feudalism being popular in the Byzantium empire, whereas Franklin supported colonial unity and helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Their similarities were that they not only lived in the same time period, but they also both had theories about power, such as electricity. Franklin and Jean-Jacques Rousseau also lived in the same century, and they both served in the French Revolution as well. Although Rousseau was French and Franklin was American, they both believed that citizens were equal to one another. Franklin was a scientist, but Rousseau believed that science and arts corrupted human behavior.
"Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn." Benjamin Franklin
Why "my" political philosophy is the best
I am Benjamin Franklin, and my political philosophy is the best for many reasons. One reason is because this is what brought the United States together. I believe that every citizen is created equally, and the government should be a democracy. It should be built on the ideas of liberty, tolerance, and progress. Freedom of speech is an important part of free government. When I was very old, I believed that slaves should be free. As foundations of good character, I created commandments, or guidelines for conduct in society. I called them the 13 virtues. My philosphy is the most important because it is the foundation of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States of America.
Bibliography
Kershaw, Tom. "The Religion and Political Views of Benjamin Franklin." The Hollowverse. Web. 1 May 2016. <hollowverse.com/benjamin-franklin/>.

"A Quick Biography of Benjamin Franklin." The Electric Ben Franklin. Independence Hall Association, 4 July 1995. Web. 1 May 2016. <www.ushistory.org/franklin/info/>.

"Benjamin Franklin Biography." Bio. A&E Television Networks. Web. 1 May 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/benjamin-franklin-9301234#related-video-gallery>.


"Benjamin Franklin Quotes." Brainy Quote. BrainyQuote, 2001. Web. 1 May 2016. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/b/benjamin_franklin.html>.

"American Philosophical Society." The Electric Ben Franklin. Independence Hall Association, 1999. Web. 1 May 2016. <http://www.ushistory.org/franklin/philadelphia/aps.htm>.


"Enlightenment Philosophers." Thinkers Who Changed The World. Web. 5 May 2016. <jdaffin11.weebly.com/enligment-philodophers-1600s-and-1700s.html>.
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