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Greek Mythology

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by

Jake Cox

on 18 April 2016

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Transcript of Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Fate
What is a Myth?
Main Gods
Zeus
Hercules
Zeus' Children
Hera
Hades
Poseidon
Roman name: Jupiter
ruler over all gods and goddesses.
constantly cheats on his wife Hera.
all three brothers drew lots to see who would control what.
Roman name: Juno
queen of all the gods.
protector of marriage.
extremely jealous.
Roman name: Pluto
lord of the underworld.
often incorrectly compared to the devil.
Roman name: Neptune
ruler of the seas and oceans.
Ares
Athena
Hephaestus
Apollo
Artemis
Aphrodite
Hermes
Roman name: Minerva
battle maiden & goddess of wisdom.
Roman name: Vulcan
god of fire and the forge.
the only ugly god.
Roman name: Mars
God of war.
Isn't liked very much by the other gods.
God of music, poetry, light and truth.
Drives his chariot across the sky every morning to bring the sun.
His symbol is the lyre.
Roman name: Diana
Twin sister of Apollo
Goddess of the moon and the hunt
Roman name: Mercury
Messenger of the gods
Has wings on sandals and cap
His symbol is the caduceus (herald's staff)
is half-god (Zeus is his father)
Hera, Zeus' jealous wife, cannot forgive her husband for having had Hercules as an illicit son, so she sends Hercules into insanity.
in the middle of that night, Hercules unwittingly kills his wife and three sons. Then wakes not knowing he did it.
to cleanse his guilt, Hercules must perform 12 labors.
it is a force that both HUMANS and GODS must obey.
Nothing can be done to alter or prolong the destiny of one’s life, regardless of the number of preparations or precautions taken. .
Merriam-Webster Definition
traditional story of historical events that serves to explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon
The Fates
Clotho, the spinner, who spins the thread of life.
Lachesis, the measurer, who choses the lot in life one will have and measures off how long it is to be.
Atropos, she who cannot be turned, who at death with her shears cuts the thread of life.
Achilles is told that if he fights in the Trojan War he will die, but his name will forever be remembered. If he does not fight, he will live a long life with a family, but his name will be forgotten.
Given the option to choose his fate (which is very rare), Achilles elects to stay and fight because he wants eternal glory.
Example of Fate
Importance of Myths
give stability to cultures, and unite the people in those cultures.
present guidelines for living.
explain the unexplainable (creation of the world, cause of storms, etc).
offer role models through archetypal characters.
Ancient Greece
A large exercise yard surrounded by changing rooms, practice rooms, and baths.
Many Greeks spent a good portion of each day exercising in the gym.
Gymnasia (Gym)
Had little freedom.
Their jobs were family/home oriented.
Women in Ancient Greece
Men ran the government.
Their activities took the men away from home.
Men enjoyed wrestling, horseback riding, and the Olympic Games (began around 776 BC).
Men in Ancient Greece
Greek life centered around religion.
Every problem had a god or goddess to fix it.
What they didn't understand became explainable by the gods.
Why So Many Gods?
Roman name: Venus
Goddess of love & beauty.
Associated with doves and swans.
Mythology in Today's Culture
Full transcript