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Copy of Drivers Education Ch. 10
Transcript of Copy of Drivers Education Ch. 10
Is It Safe?
Is It Legal?
Is It Worth It?
3 Step process
Decide to pass
Prepare to pass
Execute the maneuver
What type of restrictions does the tree-line create?
Rural Driving typically involves driving at higher speeds
The faster you drive, the greater your chance of being in a severe collision
Less time to identify and respond to a situation or hazard
May be forced to make an emergency response
Sudden responses at higher speeds increase risk of losing control of vehicle
Must manage your speed
Slower you travel, the more time you have to solve problems
(One or two additional seconds can make a great difference)
Applying IPDE Process
Wide open spaces & less traffic are common in rural areas.
After driving for a long period of time, you might assume that conflicts will not occur.
Collisions account for twice as many highway deaths as collisions in urban areas
of Rural Traffic
10. 1 Characteristics of 10.2 Using Basic Skills
Rural Traffic in Rural Areas
10.3 Passing and Being 10.4 Rural Situations You
Passed on Rural Roads Might Encounter
10.5 Special Driving Environments
Line of sight restricted ( curves)
Space is narrow, closed front zone
Cross-traffic is present
Within100 ft of railroad crossing
Bridge or underpass
If you exceed speed limit
Multiple vehicles ahead (pass one at time)
If you cannot complete before the start of a no-passing zone
No Passing Situation
Executing a Pass on 2 Lane Roads
Get into position - at least 3 seconds of following distance
When safe - signal left and glance over left shoulder
Change lanes smoothly
Accelerate at least 10mph faster than other vehicle, not faster than the posted speed limit
Make final evaluations, notice problems, decide what to do
Signal right lane change
Return smoothly and don’t slow down
Cancel signal, adjust speed and lane position
Intersections rather than ramps
Posted speed limits are usually higher
Multiple lanes of traffic
Driving on Multilane Roads
Provide Advance Information and Warning of –
Hazards that you cannot yet identify
Major intersections ahead
Unusual or hazardous conditions
(curves, animals crossings)
Traffic channeled into reduced space
Signs, Signals, and Markings – Direct, Regulate, Inform, and Regulate
Posted speeds are the maximum speeds allowed
When conditions are not good, safe speeds are used.
Use your common sense.
Determining a safe speed is critical for safe driving on rural roads. Speed affects:
Your line of site
Your stopping distance
Your vehicle control
The amount of damage and injury
In the event of a collision
Take these actions when preparing to pass:
Is the vehicle ahead of you going slower than the posted speed?
Is it likely to be making a turn?
Check the roadway signs and markings.
Look ahead to your target area.
Check the roadway conditions.
Check your rearview mirrors.
Check your blind spots over your left shoulder.
Preparing to Pass
Entering a Multilane Road
Oncoming drivers may not see you due to line-of-sight restrictions
Turning at an Intersection
Turn right from right lane
Turn left from left lane
Look for special turn lanes
Signal in advance
Drive in right lane when possible
Left lane used for passing or preparing to turn left
Traffic moving in opposite directions separated in some way
Median – an area of ground seprating traffic that moves in opposite directions
Multilane Roadways with Centerlines
May only have a yellow line separating traffic
Never cross solid yellow line or double yellow line, except to turn left
Driving on Multilane Roads
Rural roads are constructed
with many different types
Shoulders wide or narrow
Surfaces can be smooth or
in poor condition
Be alert, conditions can
Knowing about some common, but important, characteristics of rural roads will help you handle them safely
Driving on Two-Lane Roads
Slow moving vehicles
Meeting oncoming traffic
Meeting traffic at night
Passing and Being Passed on Rural Roads
250 to 700 Feet
Sharpness of Curve
Advisory Speed Signs
Turning left on Divided Roadway
Look for gap of 6 seconds or greater
Any approaching vehicles must be 20-30 seconds away
It will take you 10-15 seconds to complete pass
Special Driving Environments
Driving up a mountain
Account for gravity
Watch for pull-out areas
Driving Down a mountain
Never coast in Neutral
Adjust with occasional brake use
Watch for runaway vehicle ramps
Effects of Altitude
Driver- Reduce concentration and cause
Check gauges often
Heater may remove heat!
Driver Effects- Intense daytime heat,
Same scenery, Sun glare
To help reverse these effects:
Wear good quality sunglasses
Plan frequent stops or driver change
Carry an ample supply of water
Vehicle Effects-All fluids may evaporate quickly, check often (radiator).
CAUTION: Never remove a radiator cap from a hot radiator
Check Tire Pressure
A tire with low air pressure will run hotter which could result in tire failure.
If you need to pull over watch for sandy
shoulders where your wheels could sink,
leaving you stuck.
Sand and Duststorms
Do not attempt to drive through, find a safe place to pull over!
-Sudden unexpected rush of water from heavy rain.
Do not drive into standing water.
Stay away from creeks or drainage areas.
Seek higher ground and wait for water to recede.