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Copy of Basics of Photography

Let's take the first step to be a pro photographer !!
by

Liza Macalandag

on 17 August 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Basics of Photography

Basics of Photography
(1) Rule of Thirds
Rules & Composition
Photography Tips
(2) Balancing elements
(3) Leading lines
(4) Symmetry and patterns
What is Photography?
The word photography comes from two ancient Greek words: photo, for "light" and graph, for "drawing." "Drawing with light" is a way of describing photography , either electronically by means of an image sensor or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

( Art + Science = Photography )
(5) Framing
(6) Background
(7) Focusing
(8) Depth
(9) Cropping
Change your position of photography for up or down, especially when photographing small objects or children.
(1) Position
(2) Holding your camera
*Dawn (5AM to 12 AM)
*Afternoon (12AM to 3PM)
*Sunset (4PM to 6PM)
*Night
(4) Best Timing
(3) Watch the light
Other Tips
(5) Be creative
(6) Choose a good angle & level
(7) Compose your pic
(8) Take many pics
(9) Take your time before taking your pic
(9) Use shadows
The most important rule at photography
"NO RULES"
Types of Cameras
(1) Large format
-Gives much control on focus and depth of field.
-Improved image quality (High resolution) because it uses grand films 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.
(2) Medium format
-The term applies to film and cameras used to produce images larger than the 35mm film, but smaller than the 4×5 inches .
(3) 35mm (full frame)
-35 mm film is the basic film gauge most commonly used for both still photography and motion pictures.
-Lot of the photographic standard based on this system.
(4) Other formats
(1) Instant camera (Polaroid)
(2) Range finder
(3) Single Lens Reflex (SLR)
(4) Twin lens reflex
(5) Digital cameras
Compact cameras
(Point and shoot)
Bridge cameras
DSLR
Triangle of Exposure
Exposure: Is the process of saving light
(1) ISO
Measure the sensitivity of image sensor (in digital photography), or the sensitivity of the film.
Low light : High ISO number
High light : Low ISO number
(2) Aperture
The size of the opening of the lens when a photograph is taken and it's measured in F-Stops.
(3) Shutter Speed
Camera shutter is the device that allows light to pass for a determined period of time.
Let’s say that you’re standing in a room that has a window with shutters.

1.Aperture is the size of the window. A bigger window means brighter rooms, and a smaller window means less brightness in the room. Also, bigger causes a lower depth of field (DoF) and vice versa.
2.Shutter speed is the amount of time that the shutters of the window are open. The longer you leave them open, the more light comes in.
When we take a picture of something that’s moving fast, such as photos in sports photography for example, we will need to adjust our shutter speed such that it’s high enough to capture the moving object or subject perfectly.
3.ISO is how your eyes receive that incoming light towards your eyes. (If you were wearing shades inside the room, the ISO would be lower). Keep in mind that the more we increase the ISO speed, the more we get some noise in our picture.
Examples
How to adjust your camera
(1) Auto mood
(2) Program Auto (P)
(3) Shutter priority (Tv or S)
(4) Aperture priority (Av or A )
(5) Manual mood
(6) scene moods
Lenses
Presented by
Ahmed Tarek El Desouky
Black – Full Frame
Red – 1.3x Crop Factor
Yellow – 1.5x Crop Factor
Green – 1.6x Crop Factor
1.3x – Canon EOS 1D/1D MkIIN
1.5x – Nikon D40/D50/D70/D70s/D80/D200/D2XD2Hs Minolta 7D/Fuji S3 Pro Pentax
1.6x – Canon EOS 300D/400D/20D/30D
2.0x – Olympus E-400/E-500/E-300/E-1
Some techniques
(1) See, Read , and Practice.
(2) which camera to buy ??
Advices and Notes
Questions? Thank you!
Full transcript