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4.04 Civil Rights
Transcript of 4.04 Civil Rights
Brown v. Board of education
Until the decision of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, black children were denied access into white schools. Most states had laws stating that whites and blacks went to separate schools. Brown and a group of other parents sued the Board of Education in hopes that their children could attend a white school and receive a better education. In a unanimous, 9-0, decision, it was decided that the law separating whites and blacks in different schools was unconstitutional. This decision overturned the case of Plessy v. Ferguson.
This case was significant because helped to integrate schools and brought black and whites together. This ruling was a large step in making blacks and whites equal.
Roe v. wade
On January 22 in 1973, the U.S. Supreme court made a 7-2 decision, which gave women the right to have an abortion if they did not want their child. Jane Roe, who is now known as Norma McCorvey, wanted to have an abortion, but Texas law prohibited them. The court decided that women have the right to chose whether they want their child or not. However, later on McCorvey changed her views on abortion and she is now in large support of the pro-life side. She tried to have her own case overturned in 2003.
This case was significant to the expansion of civil rights because it gave women the freedom of choice and allowed them to decide whether to go through with a pregnancy or have an abortion. After this case, abortion became legal in all 50 states.
On August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified. This amendment gave women the right to vote. However, it was a struggle for this amendment to be put in place. Susan B. Anthony fought for the women's suffrage movement for many years.
This amendment was crucial to the civil rights movement because it gave women a stay in out government. Not only did it allow them to vote, but it gave them a vote in the government. This made women one step closer to being equal to men.
During the Vietnam War, the 26th Amendment was ratified. This amendment gave the right to all individuals 18 and older to vote. Before this amendment was ratified, the law was that you had to be 21 and older to vote. One of the main arguments for this amendment to be passed was that if 18 year old men can be drafted to fight for our country, they are old enough to have the right to vote.
This amendment was important to the expansion of civil rights because it gave the younger generation a say in our country. Giving them a say in our country leads to a larger voter turnout and it makes them feel important.
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