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The Canadian Appalachian Region

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by

Harleen Sohal

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of The Canadian Appalachian Region

360,000 km2
3.6% Canada's Land Surface
Denudation has removed several km
of rock
Between St. Lawrence Lowlands and
Atlantic Continental Shelf
Glacial Deposits - Sandy, infertile soil
Severe glacial erosion - particularly in valleys
Raised marine terraces
Irregular bays and salt marshes
Flat topped mountains, lowlands and plains
Highest point - Mt. Mitchell (2,037 m)
Appalachian- Physical Features
Canadian Appalachian Region
Climate
Typically cold and wet
Temperate forest
Mixed and boreal forests
Lots of precipitation and snow (ski mountain)
Green and well watered due to density of forests
Appalachian- Vegetation
Highly variable upon location
Central – less vegetation due to rockiness
River valleys, low elevation – more southern flavor i.e. sugar maple, eastern hemlock
Dry location – red oak, red pine, white pine
Wet location – red maple, black ash, eastern white cedar
PEI – fertile, rich red soil, potatoes
Grand Banks Newfoundland – wheat fields
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Population - 390, 096
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia
Population - 97,398
Greater Moncton, New Brunswick
Population - 138,000
Fredricton, New Brunswick
Population - 94,268
Saint John, New Brunswick
Population - 127,761
St Johns, Newfoundland
Population - 196,966
Charlottetown, PEI
Population - 64, 487
2,330,000
Gaspe Peninsula
Appalachian
Trail
2179 miles
Fishing, farming, dairy farming, forestry, crafting, tourism, and mining (especially coal and oil)
Tobacco, corn, cotton, hay, fruits, vegetables, and wheat
Oil refineries, steel mills, power plants, and lumber mills.
Well known for basket weaving, quilting, wood carving, rug making and making musical instruments.
Economy
Economy
Natural resources for exportation:
Iron
Coal
Limestone
Oil
Copper
Lead
Food
Regional foods include:
Biscuits and gravy
Stack cakes
Chicken and dumplings
Corn bread
The food is influenced by Europe, Asia, Africa and America

Long before store-bought food was available, residents hunted black bear, buffalo, elk and white tailed deer. They gathered hickory nuts, black walnuts and American chestnuts

They also domesticated corn, pumpkin, squash and beans.
Food
Common Recipes:
Dried green beans (leather britches)
Dried pumpkin
Sauerkraut
Pickled beets
Stew
Watermelon pickles
Community organized festivals to celebrate regional foods
Sorghum Maple Syrup
Apples Dandelions
Honey Bean Soup
Ramps (wild garlic) Fried Chicken
Bourbon Buckwheat
Squirrels
Popcorn Sutton
Springer Mt. Ga
Cape Gaspe, QC
Appalachian- Tourism- (Perce Rock)
Bibliography

https://sites.google.com/site/thegreatappalachianregion/appalachian-vegetation

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/physiographic-regions

http://www.pc.gc.ca/docs/v-g/nation/sec5.aspx

http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/themes.aspx?id=canadianlandforms&sub=canadianlandforms_land_appalachian&lang=En
http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/geographic.html
"Jesus turned the water into wine.
I turned it into liquor."
Appalachian- Physical Features
the Appalachian region is made up of the Appalachian mountains
the mountains are located partly in Canada, but mostly in the USA
they form a zone that is 150-500km wide, and 2400km westward
located in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and the eastern part of Quebec.
located in the Atlantic ocean
Appalachian- Location
Pacific
Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Oc
ean
The Appalachian Region
Mt. Mitchell
Appalachian- Biological Features
Appalachian- Natural Resources
Appalachian- People
Now here are the names and populations of the major cities in the Appalachian Region
Appalachian- Tourism
(add picture)
Appalachian- Tourism
Now here are some tourist destinations that are not man made but is how the place was in the beginning and now it is a popular tourist destination.
a variety of wildlife can be found in the Appalachian Region
some of the animals includes moose, beavers, Black bears, Red Wing Black birds, white tailed deer, Blue Jays, raccoons, Blue Whales, and the Eastern Bluebirds
these animals make this region there home because this place has lot's of trees and water to provide a good habitat
(2,037m)
Why have people chosen to live in the Appalachian region of Canada? There are many reasons why. Some of these reasons include: very good seafood, good sports and recreation and good money for jobs in forestry and mining. As you can see, the Appalachian region has much to offer to the people who chose to live there.
Thanks for watching
my presentation
there are many natural resources found in the Appalachian Region
some of the major resources are found in farming, fishing, forestry, and mining (coal and oil resources) industries
these natural resources provide people with food and homes



Many of the people in the Appalachian region live in small communities
In Newfoundland and Labrador the top 5 cultures are Canadian, English, Irish, Scottish and French
In Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick the top 5 cultures are the same as Newfoundland and Labrador
As you can see there is a wide variety of cultural groups that live in this region
Appalachian- People
Appalachian- Tourism- (Perce Rock)
Appalachian- Tourism- Forillon National Park
Appalachian- Tourism- Appalachian Trail
Appalachian- Sports and Recreation
The Appalachian region offers a variety of sport and recreational activities.Sporting and recreational activities include:
- whale watching
- fishing
- lobster netting
- hunting, hiking
- visiting historical sites
- tourism
Appalachian- Vegetation
There is a variety of vegetation that grows in the Appalachian region.The vegetation includes mixed forests. All of the vegetation below can be found in this region.
Dead maples
Star flowers
violets
aspen
mountain ash

white pine
hemlock
apple trees
sugar maple trees
red spruce
Perce Rock on the Gaspe Peninsula in Canada is a narrow, interestingly shaped island butte measuring over 400 meters or 1300 feet in length. Its seaward side has a four-story-high natural arch.Perce Rock is nearly 400 million years old and is embedded with countless fossils.There were two arches until 1845 when the outer one collapsed, leaving behind the stand-alone pillar.
Forillon National Park is at the eastern tip of the Gaspe Peninsula at the end of a long chain of worn flat-topped mountains. (The Appalachian Mountains). Forillon National Park is a great vacation destination.The word
forillon
is thought to have referred to a flowerpot island or sea stack which used to be a landmark in the area but has since collapsed into the ocean.
Length:
Approx. 2,200 miles (3,500 km)

Location:
Appalachian Mountains
Black Bear
White Tailed Deer
Blue Whale
Eastern BlueBirds
Total Population of The Appalachian Region:
Canadian
French
Scottish
Irish
Corn Bread
Dried Green Beans
Full transcript