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Major Events of the French Revolution

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Troy Lurie

on 23 September 2015

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Transcript of Major Events of the French Revolution

Major Events of the French Revolution
Writing the Declaration of the Rights of Men August 1789
This document served as a preamble of the Constitution of 1791. It basically said all men should have equal rights, and those rights consist of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Some sources of the Declaration were important Enlightenment thinkers
Louis the XIV calls the Estates General May 5, 1789
Before Louis called the Estates general, there was an argument about the power and how it was distributed. The economy was being destroyed because the 3rd class was the only estate being taxed while the 1st and 2nd estates had the most power.
Louis the XIV calls the Estates General
The Estates General was the cause of a financial crisis and weakened power of the King. Third estate felt that they had less power, and started a revolt.
Parisians Storm the Bastille July 14, 1789
The Parisians stormed the Bastille because it was a symbol of tyranny and they wanted to try and end the ruling of Bourbon monarchs. This dramatic event was the start of the French Revolution.
Establishment of the New Constitution 1791
Execution of the King and Queen/ Beginning of the Reign of Terror 1793-1794
March on Versailles October 4,1789
Lots of the third class people in France and Paris at the time were hungry. They were convinced that the royal family lived in nobility, so they marched from the Palace of Versailles. They barged in to the palace and demanded the family to go live with them among the people. Louis agreed because he thought it would only be temporary.
Flight to Varennes June 1791
As the National Assembly continued working on a new constitution for France, they decided to impose limits on the King's power. Since his veto could be overruled, he decided to flee for Austria, which ended him up right back where he started.
Dissolution of the National Assembly September 30, 1791
The Dissolution of the National Assembly led to the Legislative Assembly. None of the members of the National Assembly were allowed positions.The new Assembly was composed of board members from all walks of the earth.
On the day of the Tennis Court Oath, they declared that they would not disperse until they completed the new Constitution had been written. France was declared a constitutional monarchy.
The Reign of Terror began after Louis the XVI's death. Marie Antoinette was the first victim. She led a parade of citizens to their deaths. Around France 30,000 people died. Louis the XVI was met with his death alongside 20,000 spectators. The, it was Marie Antionette's turn. She was only 38 years old, and she didnt deserve her punishment, she was just at the wrong place at the wrong time
Napoleon Overthrows the Directory 1795
Napoleon grew uneasy of the success of French royalists in the elections, so he asked the Directory to oppose them, maybe by force if needed. One treaty raised Bonaparte's popularity, for he had won a victory over France after 5 years.
Napoleon Builds an Empire
The Congress of Vienna Meets November 1, 1814
This was one of the largest political meetings in European history. They came together to try and compose a treaty. The Congress of Vienna formeed the framework of European politics.
Napoleon Defeated at Waterloo June 18, 1815
Napoleon Invades Russia around 1799
200 years ago, Napoleon led his Grande Armee across a river into Russia. Even though they never lost a battle, their army was wiped out in about 6 months. This was the end for Napoleon, who was forced into exile in 1814.
Napoleon and his army were defeated at Waterloo after a long and rigorous battle. Basically, the opposing side distracted Napoleon and his whole army while they attacked from the opposite side.
Some say Napoleon ruled an empire from one secret; he gave away baubles. Baubles are small ornaments that have no money value, but a very emotional value attached to them. He would give them away to his soldiers when they fought well in a battle.
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