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Political Cartoons in the American Revolution

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Eldad Cano

on 25 November 2015

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Transcript of Political Cartoons in the American Revolution

used to ridicule and bring attention to current events

- drawings; etched or carved
- went in newspapers
- "going viral"
"join or die"
- america's first political cartoon
- may 9, 1754
- Drawn by: benjamin franklin
- pennsylvania gazette
- pro-colonies

- 1767
- Drawn By: benjamin franklin ??
- Published in: the political register
- pro-colonies

"the colonies reduced - its companion"
"The political Cartoon for the year 1775"
- 1775
- john Walker ??
- Published in: The Westminster Magazine
- pro-colonies
"the bloody massacre"
- march 28, 1770
- paul revere
- Published in: the american political prints
- pro-colonies
- myth that a severed snake would come back to life if the pieces were put back together before sunset
- new england clumped together to stress the need for unity in the colonies
- successful because it shocked people and also was concise
- spread to other newspapers -- a newspaper in boston took it and changed the caption to "unite and conquer"
- simulated discussion in the Congress of Albany about passing a plan of unification, but it was unsuccessful, even though it was very popular, because every other state rejected it

- warned of the consequences of alienating the colonies by enforcing the Stamp Act
- shows britannia, surrounded by amputated limbs, thinking about the fall of her empire
- "Date Obolum Bellisario" = "Give a penny to Belisarius"
- Belisarius, who, after having obtained many glorious victories over the enemies of his country, is said to have been reduced to such extremity of indigence, that, in his old age, when he was deprived of his eyesight, he sat upon the highway like a common mendicant, imploring the charity of passengers in the piteous exclamation of Date obolum Belisario; that is, “Spare a farthing (penny) to your poor old soldier Belisarius.

- bottom picture: lord brute stabbing britannica while a snake strikes her knees. she has a spear pointed at america, a native american. america is in the arms of a french man, pointing a sword and pistol at britannica. dutch man leaving in ship in the background.
- The cartoonist blames the British government policies for alienating the American colonies.

- franklin handed them out to members of parliament
- "boston massacre"
- civilian riot that ended with british firing back as self defense
- 5 colonists dead
- picture makes it seem like the colonists were being "massacred" by the british
- enraged the public and gave them a desire to fight for independence from britain
“The Bostonians Paying the Excise-man”

- october 31, 1774
- Drawn by philip dawe
- Published for the Gilder Lehrman Collection
- pro-britain
- excise man = officer who inspects and rates articles liable to tax under British law
- five men forcing A customs officer to drink from A tea pot. he is tarred and feathered. standing by liberty tree with noose hanging on it. boston tea party in background.
- used to show the colonist's mistreatment toward british officials
- shows king george III and lord mansfield about to lead britain into a chasm (war with the colonies) on horses -obstinacy (stubbornness) and pride. stepping on the magna carta and constitution, which were made to limit their power as a government
- devil in upper left with a bag over his shoulder that says "national credit"
- published right before people in britain found out about lexington and concord
- visual representation of what was said in thomas paine's "common sense" -- that monarchy is evil
- symbolises how british will lose power over america because they're stubborn, have too much pride, and refuse to recognise the colonies as an independent nation

the horse america, throwing his master
- august 1, 1779
- published by: william white
- real artist: unknown
- published in : London (Westminster)
- pro-colonies
- king george holding a whip made of swords, axes, and bayonettes.
- lost control of the horse (the colonies)
- shows how america wants to get britain off of them like the horse wants the rider to get off its back
- some people think it was used to encourage the colonists but some think it was used to provoke britain
- The cartoon itself came from someone in britain A FEW YEARS AFTER AMERICA DECLARED ITSELF INDEPENDENT, even though it was pro-colonies, explaining why they chose to be nameless.
i liv batles
me 2
Personal Statement
What led us most to choosing this topic was how much of an impact art had amongst people that it was actually used as a form of persuasion. We both enjoy drawing and art in general so that also was a factor which led to our decision. We felt that this particular topic proved to better than the other several topics because it was focused not only specific to one side, but both sides' (the colonists and british) point of view toward the revolution. Each detail used in the slides of this presentation was used to further express the order and importance of each political cartoon. we tried our best to make all information be detailed to help better understand the purpose of the cartoons.
ye ol' tweet'r
Full transcript