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An Idiots Guide to Middle English

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by

Dylan Buggenhagen

on 27 August 2014

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Transcript of An Idiots Guide to Middle English

History of English
English is a blend of many Anglo Saxon, and Nordic languages. The evolution of English took place mostly on the island of Great Britain. Because of this, there are many influences from old Norse from the Viking occupation of eastern Great Britain. Finally, middle English came to be when William the Conqueror invaded England, and introduced a lot of French in to the everyday dialect. This is the main shift away from Nordic, and Germanic languages, to where English really becomes more of a Latin language. It was Chaucer's Canterbury Tales however, that pushed most literature to be written in vernacular English instead of Latin or French. Until this point English was though of as an everyday language, but either Latin or French were used for more formal affairs.
Consonant Rules
Pronounce all consonants. All of them. Always.
Ch always makes the soft sound as in church.
Never pronounce s’s as z’s

Examples
chivalry would be ch-iv-al-ree not sh-iv-al-ree
His would be 'hiss' not 'hiz'
Quick Word Guide
eek - even
forthy - therefor
sithe(n) - Since
forwhy - because
ther(as) - where
A Dummy's Guide to Middle English
A Brief Comparison
APA Citations
Difference Between Old English and Middle English | Difference Between | Old English vs Middle English. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2014, from http://www.differencebetween.net/language/difference-between-old-english-and-middle-english/

Language Timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2014, from http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/changlang/across/languagetimeline.html

Pronunciation Guide for Middle English. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2014, from http://webpages.marshall.edu/~will2/chaucer.html

The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer: AUTHOR'S STYLE / LITERARY DEVICES / USE OF LANGUAGE. (2008, May 11). Retrieved August 26, 2014, from http://thebestnotes.com/booknotes/Canterbury_Tales/Canterbury_Tales42.html

hadde - had
koude - could
hir - their
er before
nathelees- none the less
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