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THE DIEPPE RAID
Transcript of THE DIEPPE RAID
Who was involved?
Where did it happen?
When did it happen?
Dieppe was selected for an allied landing in April 1942. Winston Churchill approved the raid for a number of reasons.
It would gather intelligence by force,
it would test the enemy defenses on a strongly held coastal sector of France and
it would discover what resistance would have to be met in the endeavor to seize the port.
The Raid took place during World War II (1939-1945). Allied troops landed on August 19, 1942 on the northern coast of France.
Why did it happen?
The Dieppe Raid
The forces were made up of around 5,000 Canadians, 1,000 British troops, and 50 US Rangers. These troops were to assault the town and port of Dieppe, while, as a distraction, British parachute units would attack German batteries on the headlands on either side of the Canadians.
The Battle of Dieppe was a second world war raid by the allied forces on the coast of Deippe. Some objectives included holding a major port for a short time to both prove it was possible and to gather intelligence from prisoners. The allied forces also wanted to destroy coastal defenses and structures on the port.
Who to blame?
Churchill and the Chiefs of Staff were the heads of the Navy, Army and Air Force, they met daily to discuss strategy and advise Churchill. They were responsible for this disastrous misjudgment. But, because no written record exists of the Chiefs of Staff approving the raid in its final form, it has sometimes been suggested that it was really Mountbatten who remounted it without authorization.
The Dieppe Operation
Canada suffered more losses than any other day of the war. 901 Canadians were killed, 2000 were captured, and only 2211 soldiers made it back to England.
Who did we lose?
What was learned?
The Allied Forces learned that the Germans were well prepared on the French occupied coast and that a future assault would have to be massive and well organized. This lesson was a costly one.
The Dieppe Raid took place in the seaside town of Dieppe, which is located on the northern coast of France, Europe. Dieppe is a coastal town built along a long a cliff that over looks the English Channel. The Dieppe landings were planned on six beaches. Four in front of the town itself, and two on the eastern and western flanks respectively. From east to west, the beaches were codenamed Yellow, Blue, Red, White, Green, and Orange. The Royal Regiment of Canada would land on Blue beach. The main landings would take place on Red and White beaches by the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, the Essex Scottish Regiment, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, A Commando Royal Marines, and the 14th Army Tank Regiment. The South Saskatchewan Regiment, and the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders would take on Green beach.
The element of surprise was ruined when German ships opened fired on the Allied ships. Sleeping soldiers were awakened by the fire. By the time the Allied forces arrived at the beaches the Germans were ready. The British commanders were inexperienced with this raid and handled it badly. When troops hit the beaches they were mowed down by gunfire and artillery shells.
Completed by Sam Summers, Krishna Patel, Kaitlyn Hopkins, MacKenzie Downs, Makoons Meawasige and Tristan Babic....
Ally Forces Boats
The Beaches of Dieppe