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PHASES IN THE EXPANSION OF DEMOCRACY
Transcript of PHASES IN THE EXPANSION OF DEMOCRACY
PHASES IN THE EXPANSION OF DEMOCRACY
FIGHTS FOR DEMOCRACY
NOW IN THE EIGHTEENTH AND NINETEENTH CENTURIES, SERIES OF PROTESTS WEAKENED THE MONARCHY AND FEUDALISM.
THE RIGHT TO VOTE WAS GRANTED TO MORE AND MORE PEOPLE. SO WHEN THE FRENCH REVOLT WAS STILL GOING ON BRITISH COLONIES IN NORTH AMERICA DECLARED THEMSELVES INDEPENDENT IN 1776. THESE COLONIES THEN CAME FURTHER TO FORM USA. THEY ADOPTED CONSTITUTION IN 1787. BUT ONLY MEN WERE GIVEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE.
In the nineteenth century struggles still continued. these were centered around equality, freedom and justice. the major demand was the right to vote. Then only people owning properties could vote.
THE MAPS DONT TELL US MUCH WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE THE 20TH CENTURY. THE STORY OF DEMOCRACY BEGAN ATLEAST TWO CENTURIES AGO. YOU MAY HAVE READ THE CHAPTER OF FRNCH REVOLUTION OF 1789. BECAUSE OF THIS, THERE WAS NO BASE OF DEMOCRACY. THIS MADE IT WEAK IN HANDLING PEOPLE NOT ONLY BECAUSE OF THIS BUT ALSO IT WAS OVERTHROWN AND RESTORED MANY TIMES. ON THE OTHER HAND DEMOCRACY IN BRITAIN WAS STRONG BUT VERY SLOW.
WHAT IS DEMOCRACY?
feudalism: a social system that existed in europe in the middle ages
HERE IT IS SAID THAT US ADOPTED CONTITUTION IN 1787. BUT US WAS GRANTED UNIVERSAL ADULT FRANCHISE IN 1965. WHY IS IT LIKE THIS?
Open minded question
Why do you think people wanted equality, freedom and justice?
Between 1776 and 1789, the United States emerged as an independent country, creating and ratifying its new constitution, and establishing its national government. In order to assert their traditional rights, American Patriots seized control of the colonies and launched a war for independence. The Americans declared independence in July 1776 proclaiming "all men are created equal." Congress raised the Continental Army under the command of General George Washington, forged a military alliance with France, and captured the two main British invasion armies. Nationalists replaced the governing Articles of Confederation to strengthen the federal government's powers of defense and taxation with the Constitution of the United States in 1789, still in effect today.
IN LATIN AMERICA
Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain's former colonies had declared and won independence and had divided up into republics.
Sentiment had been growing in the colonies for some time, dating back to the American Revolution. Although Spanish forces efficiently quashed most early rebellions, the idea of independence had taken root in the minds of the people of Latin America and continued to grow.
Napoleon's invasion of Spain (1807-1808) provided the spark the rebels needed. Napoleon, seeking to expand his empire, attacked and defeated Spain, and he put his elder brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. This act made for a perfect excuse for secession, and by the time Spain had gotten rid of Joseph in 1813 most of their former colonies had declared themselves independent.
Spain fought valiantly to hold on to its rich colonies. Although the independence movements took place at about the same time, the regions were not united, and each area had its own leaders and history.
IN PAKISTAN BANGLADESH AND NEPAL
There was a lot of changes which took place in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal Bangladesh broke free from the rule if the army to a democracy in 1990’s. in Nepal the king gave up many of his powers to become a constitutional monarch to be guided by the elected leaders. However these changes were not permanent . In 1999 general Musharraf bought back army rule in Pakistan. In2005 the new king of Nepal dismissed the elected government and took back the political freedoms that the people had won .
On 4 January 1948, the nation became an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu as its first Prime Minister. Unlike most other former British colonies and overseas territories, Burma did not become a member of the Commonwealth. A bicameral parliament was formed, consisting of a Chamber of Deputies and a Chamber of Nationalities, and multi-party elections were held in 1951–1952, 1956 and 1960.
The geographical area Burma encompasses today can be traced to the Pang long Agreement, which combined Burma Proper, which consisted of Lower Burma and Upper Burma, and the Frontier Areas, which had been administered separately by the British.
In 1961, U Thant, then the Union of Burma's Permanent Representative to the United Nations and former Secretary to the Prime Minister, was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations, a position he held for ten years. Among the Burmese to work at the UN when he was Secretary-General was a young Aung San Suu Kyi, who went on to become winner of the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.