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Kohlbergs theory of gender (ao1)

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laura hastie

on 8 September 2014

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Transcript of Kohlbergs theory of gender (ao1)

PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF GENDER

IS GENDER A CHOICE?

DO YOU NEED GENDER LABELS?

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INFLUENCE ON YOUR GENDER?

ARE GENDER STEREOTYPES
HELPFUL?
KOHLBERG
Gender Identity is a cognitive ability that children develop as they get older in stages
Kohlberg believes children
create their own understanding of gender and ARE NOT passive learners
CONSERVATION
Kohlberg claimed that children
develop their gender identity
in three stages
Kohlberg was influenced by Jean Piaget and his ideas of 'Conservation'
The ability to recognise that things dont change, even if they look like they have
Stage One - Gender Labeling
Up to 3yrs

Stage Two - Gender Stability
3yrs - 5yrs
Stage Three - Gender
Constancy
6yrs - 7yrs
Stage 1
Gender Labeling
Children understand basic labels of 'boy' and 'girl' and is able to recognise which label fits them, but they have no understanding beyond this.
Children begin to learn that gender is non changeable, however they are still confused by superficial things. For example hair length, clothes and games played
Stage 3
Gender Constancy
Children now recognise that gender cannot change. They are not confused by superficial changes and they can now conserve.
Once they have accomplished Gender Constancy, children can now 'self socialise' with same sex models
Stage 2
Gender Stability
Full transcript