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Transcript of Imperialism
Imperialism: One nation that pushes its economics, politics, and social ideas on another nation or group.
Does a technologically advanced nation have a responsibility to share its advances with less advanced nations?
Is it right to impose your culture on another cultural group?
Who should benefit from the resources of an area?
What’s driving Imperialism?
Industrialization created a need for new markets to send products and extract raw materials for production.
The desire to explore and be adventurous
Social Darwinism– The idea that one race is superior to others. Based on Darwin’s theory of evolution. “Survival of the Fittest.” Non-Europeans are seen as inferior.
Nationalism and competition between nations
The desire to spread religion, especially Christianity
Maxim Automatic Machine Gun (1889)
Steam boats allow Europeans to sail deep into Africa and set-up trading post along rivers.
Railroads, canals, riverboats and steam make travel easier and faster.
Medicine cures Malaria
What were Europeans looking for?
European countries were looking for resources to fuel industrialization.
Some of the resources being exploited were:
Europeans Invade Africa
Africa is a land divided by many different African cultures and fighting among tribes.
African weapons are no match for the European weapons.
1880 – “The Scramble for Africa”
Discovery of Gold and Diamonds speed up the “Scramble for Africa”
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
Established rules for colonizing Africa.
Any European country could control land as long as they could control the territory and notify the other European nations first.
Africa became divided up by European nations.
Africa Before Imperialism
Africa was made up of hundreds of tribes that had individual cultures.
The groups formed into large kingdoms or villages.
Europeans had out-posts along the coasts. Dangerous waterfalls and rapids made the rivers of Africa difficult to navigate.
Africans had large trading networks to prevent Europeans from taking gold and ivory.
Europeans demanded more influence over the political, economic, and social lives of the people they came in contact with.
Colony – Governed internally by a foreign power.
Protectorate – had own internal government, but under the control of others.
Sphere of Influence – outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges, but did not rule the area