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Active vs. Passive Learning

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Elena Heath

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of Active vs. Passive Learning

Characteristics of Passive Learning
Active vs. Passive Learning
Audience: college Students
By: Elena Heath

Active Learning: involves the learning by being engaged in the instructional process by means of such activities as exploring, analyzing, communicating, creating, reflecting, or actually using new information or experiences.

Active vs. Passive Learning
Pros and Cons
Pros of Active Learning
May increase critical thinking skills in students.
Enables students to show initiative.
Involves students by stimulating them to talk more.
Incorporates more student input and ideas.
Easier to assess student learning.
Better meets the needs of students with varying learning styles.

Cons of Active Learning:
May be difficult to organize active learning experiences.
Requires more time and energy and may be stressful for faculty.

Active vs. Passive Learning
Characteristics of Active Learning
You are involved in reflection and self - assessment.
You make a conscious effort to make sense of, and find meaning in, what you learn. Understanding is usually deeper.
Your attention span is longer because your mind is fully engaged.
Long - term memory is assisted. If you understand what you learn, and keep relating what you learn to what you already know, you are more likely to remember what you have learnt.
Linking information helps you to see how you can apply it to different situations.
Learning is personalized and interesting.
Foundation: Pre - Test
Passive Learning: type of learning in which it is assumed that the students will enter the course which they want to study with open minds, which are like empty vessels or sponges, and the teachers will merely fill the minds of the students with knowledge, simply for the sake of securing better results in the examination.

Pros of Passive Learning:
Can present a great deal of information in a short period of time.
Lecture notes, handouts, and audiovisual media can be selected and prepared in advance.
Important concepts and content identified a concrete, organized, and meaningful manner.

Cons of Passive Learning:
Little opportunity to assess how well students are learning the content.
Little time for questions, clarification, or discussion.
Students may not feel comfortable letting faculty know that they do not understand key concepts, they are reluctant to ask questions in class, or they may not ask enough questions to clarify their misunderstandings.
Does not require consistent use of higher-level cognitive skills (no opportunity for application).
May become tedious and boring.

You wait for directions and information to be fed to you.
Information is delivered to you - you just follow what is said or written, and you do as your told.
You repeat information without understanding.
You don't reflect on what you have learned.
You may become bored and tired easily.
You use surface processing, in which case you are less likely to understand or remember what you have learned.
You are less likely to be able to use what you learn.
What you study may seem irrelevant.
In - Class Activity
Active Learning Day: Reading Time
Place students into small groups to focus on one particular section of a chapter. Then students highlight and draw the important parts of the section on large white paper, and present their findings to the rest of the class.
Passive Learning Day: Reading Time
Teacher stands in front of class merely explaining what has gone on in the chapter.
Outcome Assessment:
Post Test
What is active learning?

What is passive learning?

What are the pros and cons of both active and passive learning?

In what ways do students retain more information?

What are some characteristics of active and passive learning?

Which style of learning benefits students more?
Annotated Bibliography
Used for definition of passive learning
Used for definition of active learning
Used for pros and cons of active and passive learning
"The strategies that lead students to learn actively." By Liu, X. and Gao, Y. X., 2005, Journal of Elementary and Middle school teaching. 183 (3), p. 49 - 50.
Used for characteristics of active and passive learning
Used for showing how students retain more information
Students retain more information when they SAY and DO things (Active learning) rather than reading, hearing, and seeing things. (Passive Learning)

To see whether students would have an increased understanding of what happened during the chapter.
What is active learning?

What is passive learning?

What are the pros and cons of both active and passive learning?

In what ways do students retain more information?

What are some characteristics of active and passive learning?

Which style of learning benefits the students more?
Full transcript