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Hermann Ebbinghaus

Year 11 Psychology Task
by

Danielle M

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Hermann Ebbinghaus

Danielle & Isabelle Hermann Ebbinghaus 1850 - 1909 When did Ebbinghaus work? After receiving his doctorate in 1873 Ebbinghaus moved to England and France where he tutored students to support himself. This was the beginning of his working career however, he started his work in psychology in 1878 when he conducted his first set of memory experiments. He then worked eight other jobs and finished in 1908 as a professor of the university of Halle. He finished his career in 1908 due to be sick and unfortunately died of pneumonia the next year on the 26th of February. Where did Ebbinghaus work? Herman Ebbinghaus worked in different countries in the lead up to his psychology career, however, majority of his work was conducted in Berlin. He was a lecturer from 1880-1893 at the University of Berlin, and whilst here he opened an experimental psychology laboratory in 1886 to continue his experiments of memory. He then transferred to the University of Breslau to be a professor from 1894-190, he founded a psychology laboratory here as well in 1894. Here, is where he developed a children’s intelligence test in 1897. In 1905 he became a professor at the University of Halle up until 1908. Scientific Background Ebbinghaus attended the University of Bonn at the age of 17 with the aim of studying history and philology but later on found a strong interest in philosophy and decided to study it. However, his studies were put on hold as he went with the Prussian army and served with them in the Franco-Prussian War. Of course, after serving in the army, Hermann Ebbinghaus finished his schooling and received his doctorate in 1873 on August 16 Major Area of Interest Ebbinghaus had a major interest in the area of memory. It is also known that he was the founder of experimental psychology of memory.
Hermann Ebbinghaus began on his first set of memory tasks in late 1878 which took him over a year to complete. Ebbinghaus used a variety of methods to help him perform tests and to prove theories such as the ‘forgetting curve’ which defined the immense loss of information that one person had previously learned and the learning curve where Ebbinghaus shows how fast a person is able to learn information. Contribution to Psychology Resources Hermann Ebbinghaus contributed a lot of theories in regard to the memory area of psychology. He helped in research with the ‘forgetting curve’, the ‘learning curve’, the ‘serial position effect’ where it studies differences between long-term and short-term memory loss. Not only did he help with theories, he helped out with other tasks such as studying the abilities of school children and psychotherapy to change the mind of a patient.
One of the main things that Ebbinghaus is known for creating is the optical illusion which is now used very frequently to test people. Plucker, Dr. J 26/1/12, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Indiana University, accessed 05 February 2013, <http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/ebbinghaus.shtml>.

Saqib, M 2012, 'Hermann Ebbinghaus Theory and Biography ', Hermann Ebbinghaus Theory and Biography , blog, 25/10, accessed 05 February 2013, <http://www.humanpsychology.org/2012/10/hermann-ebbinghaus-theory-and-biography.html>.

Hermann Ebbinghaus n.d, Britannica, accessed 05 February 2013, <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/177531/Hermann-Ebbinghaus>.

Hermann Ebbinghaus n.d., N/a, accessed 05 February 2013, <http://users.ipfw.edu/abbott/120/Ebbinghaus.html>.

Hermann Ebbinghaus 29/1/13, Wikipedia, accessed 06 February 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Ebbinghaus#Early_life>.
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