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Transcript of Brazil
Brazil,officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population.
History of Brazil
HISTORY OF THE POPULATION
Social issues in Brazil
Brazil is a beautiful place but also there are issues.
The principals issues are:
Strong economy but a lot of poverty
Living in difficult conditions
When the first European colonists arrived in 1500, the land of Brazil was habited only by 11 million Indians, living in about 2,000 tribes.
The history of Brazil’s indigenous peoples has been marked by brutality, slavery, violence, disease and genocide.
In the first century of contact, 90% was wiped out,because colonists import diseases, such as flu and smallpox. In the following centuries, thousands more died, in the sugar cane plantations.
Also Today indigenous are in danger because there are aggressive plans to develop and industrialize the Amazon.
Today there are about 240 tribes living in Brazil
The largest tribe today is the
, numbering 51,000, but they have very little land left.
The people with the largest territory are the relatively isolated 19,000
The smallest Amazonian tribe consists of one man, who lives in this house in western Brazil.
The largest Amazonian tribe in Brazil is the
, who number 40,000.
The Brazilian culture is one of the world’s most varied and different.
The 80% of the population is Catholic and this is due to the intense Portuguese occupation of centuries ago. These European settlers taught the indigenous tribes Catholicism, built churches and established traditions and customs that originated in this church.
Brazilians, as a nation, focus much importance on the family structure.
Families are usually large
There are some interesting etiquettes and expectations in the Brazilian culture for example:
• When invited to dinner or an event, do not under-dress. It is considered more appropriate to over-dress.
• Always bring the hostess a small gift of gratitude (such as a glass of wine or some fresh flowers).
• Always arrive early for events and dinners.
• Manicures for women and formal dress for both sexes are expected within corporate situations.
POPULAR EVENTS IN BRAZIL
Brazil is one of the South American countries that is well known for its festive celebrations and annual events.
Some of the events for which Brazil is best known are:
Carnival is celebrated throughout Brazil.
This celebration takes place 46 days before Easter and Carnival is characterised bycoloured costumes,decorations and jolly music. there are a lot of parades fill in the streets.
Coastal cities tend to have more theatrical celebrations than those further inland.
NEW YEAR'S IN COPACABANA
Rio de Janeiro hosts the best known New Year’s party in the world. Peoples come to this event from all over the country and the world to share in the celebrations. Fireworks, music performances and other festivities mark this celebration.
Lack of school places
Lack of money
Lack of sanitation
Covers a vast portion of the country and provides the ideal habitat to approximately one-third of all animal species in the world.
Consume an enormous amount of the world’s Carbon Dioxide and release Oxygen in return ("lungs of the world")
When they are destroyed, the trees release the Carbon as greenhouse gases, with huge implications for earth and its atmosphere.
What is deforestation?
Deforestation is the process whereby natural forests are cleared through logging and/or burning, either to use the timber or to replace the area for alternative uses.
What is the extent of deforestation?
12-15 million hectares of forest are lost each year, the equivalent of 36 football fields per minute.
half of the trees illegally removed from forests are used as fuel.
To make more land available for housing and urbanization
To harvest timber to create commercial items such as paper, furniture and homes
To create ingredients that are highly prized consumer items, such as the oil from palm trees
To create room for cattle ranching
Aerial view of the Araguaia River running through the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, with patches of green fields,indicating deforested areas.
Children vulnerable to disease
Adverse environmental conditions
Low level of health
Release of greenhouse gas emissions
Increased soil erosion
Disrupted water cycles
What can we do to stop deforestation?
1. Just say NO to palm oil.
2. Celebrating a birthday, anniversary or Bar/Bat Mitzvah?
3. Brazilian Music, Si, Brazilian Beef, No!
4. Teach Your Children.
5. Furnish Wisely
6. Reduce Your Consumption of Fossil Fuels
7. Adopt a Rainforest Foundation Project.
8. Travel Green
9. Protect an Acre or More.
10. Be A Rainforest Friend