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Taylor Thomas

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Softball

UMPIRES SOFTBALL Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball on a smaller field. Invented in 1888 in Chicago as an indoor game, it was at various times called indoor baseball, mush ball, playground, softbund ball, kitten ball, and, because it was also played by women, ladies' baseball. THE ORIGIN OF SOFTBALL THE ORIGIN OF SOFTBALL TEAMWORK TEAMWORK Teamwork is "work done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole" There's no "I" in "TEAM" Equipment required in softball includes a ball, a bat, gloves, uniforms and protective
gear: for example, helmets for the offensive team and a helmet, shin guards and
chest protector for the defensive catcher. Also cleats, sliding shorts, face masks
and knee sliders are very helpful. EQUIPMENT EQUIPMENT UMPIRES UMPIRES what do
they do? Decisions about plays are made by umpires, similar to a referee in American
football. The number of umpires on a given game can range from
a minimum of one to a maximum of seven. There is never more than
one "plate umpire"; there can be up to three "base umpires", and up to a
further three umpires positioned in the outfield. Most fast pitch games use a
crew of two umpires. NICKNAME Official umpires are often nicknamed "blue", because of their uniforms –
in many jurisdictions, most significantly ISF, NCAA and ASA games, umpires
wear navy blue slacks, a light powder blue shirt, and a navy baseball cap. P
3RD BASE OUTFIELD PITCHER Pitchers in fast-pitch softball usually throw the ball using a "windmill" type of movement. In this style of pitching, the pitcher begins with his arm at the hip. The pitcher then brings the ball in a circular motion over the head, completes the circle back down at the hip, and snaps the hand. A "modified" fast pitch is identical to a "windmill" pitch except the arm is not brought over the head in a full windmill motion, but instead is brought behind the body and is then thrust directly forward for the release. Another type of pitching movement is the "figure 8". With this style, the ball is not brought over the head at all but down and behind the body and back in one smooth motion tracing out a figure eight. CATCHER Positioned behind home plate, the catcher can see the whole field;
therefore, he is in the best position to direct and lead the other
players in a defensive play. The catcher typically calls for pitches by
means of hand signals; therefore, he/she must be aware of the
pitcher's mechanics and strengths, as well as the batter's tendencies
and weaknesses. Foul tips, bouncing balls in the dirt, and contact with
runners during plays at the plate are all part of the catcher's job, so
protective equipment must be worn. This includes a mask, chest and
throat protectors, shin guards, and an extra-thick glove. 1ST, 2ND, AND 3RD BASE Fielding involves catching the ball in the air for an out, and picking
up the ball cleanly off the ground and making a throw to the proper base
to obtain a force out. Outs also can be made by tagging a runner between bases,
either by fielding a batted ball -- on the ground or in the air -- or catching a
thrown ball and applying the tag. Fielding is an essential element for winning softball. OUTFIELD An outfielder's duty is to try to catch long fly balls before they hit the
ground or to quickly catch or retrieve and return to the infield
any other balls entering the outfield. Outfielders normally play
behind the six other members of the defense who
play in or near the infield. OUTFIELD
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