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Poetry Analysis by Ola
Transcript of Poetry Analysis by Ola
Ola Gerald Robert Herrick 1591-1674 Seventh child of a successful goldsmith
Father committed suicide when Herrick was a year old.
Attended St. John's at Cambridge.
Member of the "Sons of Ben" society of poets.
Ordained as a minister in 1623.
1648- Published Hesperides, his volume of 1200+ poems
1674- Died as a bachelor at the 83 Analysis The speaker is instructing young women to use their youth wisely. Enjoy it while it lasts, but do not waste it. In regards to people in general, the speaker is warning that life passes by quickly so it must be appreciated. In other words, "Carpe Diem." Main Idea: Personification Herrick uses frequent personification of inanimate objects to show that even in nature, there is a time for everything. Everything has it's season and then it passes away. "And this same flower that today
Tomorrow will be dying." smiles "The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun, The higher a-getting, The sooner will race be run, And nearer to setting." he's his he's The use of this personfication emphasizes that fact the everything fades with time, including human youth and vitality; therefore they must be used to their fullest potential and appreciated for the short time that they remain. Structure, Diction, Tone, &
Rhyme Scheme Parental tone of advice Rhyme Scheme: abab, cdcd, efef, ghgh; gives an easy flow to the poem. Structure:
Each stanza has a positive and negative contrast of mood and diction. Ex. (stanza 1: smiles, dying; stanza 2: glorious/higher, setting) Lines 4 & 5: Lines 5-8: Consonance Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
Old Time is still a-flying;
And this same flower that smiles today
Tomorrow will be dying.
The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
The higher he's a-getting,
The sooner will his race be run,
And nearer he's to setting.
That age is best which is the first,
When youth and blood are warmer;
But being spent, the worse, and worst
Times still succeed the former.
Then be not coy, but use your time,
And while ye may, go marry;
For having lost but once your prime,
You may forever tarry. Repeated "y" sounds Metaphor/Analogy Line 2
"Old Time is still a-flying;" Time is not literally flying, but it is a metaphor for the quickness with which time passes by. Meaning "ye...may...flying...today...dying" "The glorious lamp of heaven,
the sun," Line 5 Meaning An analogy is used to
compare the sun to a lamp
which lights darkness and
provides life and energy. Repeated "h" & "r" sounds "heaven...higher...he's...his...he's" Repeated "m" sounds "time...may...marry...prime...may" "glorious...higher...sooner...race...run...nearer" Repeated "b" & "w" sounds "best...blood....but...being" "which...when...warmer...worse...worst" The mix of hard and soft consonant sounds add to the tone of the poem; the fluctuation between seriousness and subdued light-heartedness. Also, the repeated consonants make the flow of the poem easier. Stanza 1: Stanza 2: Stanza 3: Stanza 4: Line 1 "Gather ye rosebuds
while ye may" This phrase can be taken both literally and figuratively. The speaker is telling young women to gather flowers while they still have the freedom to do so, but he is also telling them to make the most of their fleeting youth while it is available to them. Analysis A duke is telling the story behind a portrait of his late wife, the last duchess. She looked at and flirted withother men so he had her killed. At this point he is speaking with an ambassador who has come to arrange his next marriage to the daughter of a count. Main Idea: Anaphora/Repetiton In order to emphasize the realness of the portait and the duke's impression of it, Browning repeats two specific phrases within the poem. The duke repeats these two lines to show that, though the portait is lifelike, he had ultimate power over his duchess' life. The portrait is ideal. It has all the beauty of the duchess without the infidelity. Structure, Diction, Tone, &
Rhyme Scheme Casual tone with a sinister and
ominous mood. Rhyme Scheme: Alternate Rhyme (aabb, ccdd, eeff, gghh) gives a steady beat to the poem. The flowing rhyme scheme contrasts with the morbid theme of the poem. Structure:
The poem is in the form of a one sided conversation or a response to a question. It is not seperated into stanzas. There is congenial, eloquent, and sophisticated diction and syntax which reveal the duke's "nobility." Lines 2 & 47: Lines 4 & 46: Foreshadowing Allusion At the onset of the poem, the reader does not know that the duke has had his wife murdered, but with careful obeservation, it becomes clear that Browning foreshadows this in several lines throughout the poem. To the Virgins, to Make
Much of Time
Robert Herrick My Last Duchess By
Robert Browning Robert Browning
1812-1889 Mother was a devout Christian, father was well-educated
Able to read & write exceptionally by age five
Inspired by P. Shelley
Became an atheist at a young age
Married Elizabeth Barret
Fist works were unacclaimed
1868- The Ring and The Book
Browning Poetry society founded before his death in 1889
Inspired T.S. Eliot and Robert Frost "Sir, ’twas all one! My favour at her breast,
The dropping of the daylight in the West," "Paint Must never hope to reproduce the faint
Half-flush that dies along her throat”: Lines 54 & 55 "...Notice Neptune, though,
Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity..." This is a reference to an Italian sculpture and an occurrence in Greek mythology. Neptune attempted to tame the rare seahorse which was accustomed to being wild and roaming free. This allusion is particularly fitting because the duke's last duchess was a beautiful young woman who sought and was sought after by many men. The duke attempted to tame her and maintain his control over her. He finally achieved his goal by killing her. That's my last Duchess painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive. I call
That piece a wonder, now: Frà Pandolf's hands Worked busily a day, and there she stands.
Will 't please you sit and look at her? I said
'Frà Pandolf' by design, for never read
Strangers like you that pictured countenance, The depth and passion of its earnest glance,
But to myself they turned (since none puts by
The curtain I have drawn for you, but I)
And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst, How such a glance came there; so, not the first Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir, 't was not
Her husband's presence only, called that spot
Of joy into the Duchess' cheek: perhaps
Frà Pandolf chanced to say, 'Her mantle laps
Over my lady's wrist too much,' or 'Paint
Must never hope to reproduce the faint
Half-flush that dies along her throat:' such stuff Was courtesy, she thought, and cause enough
For calling up that spot of joy. She had
A heart -- how shall I say? -- too soon made glad, Too easily impressed; she liked whate'er
She looked on, and her looks went everywhere.
Sir, 't was all one! My favour at her breast,
The dropping of the daylight in the West,
The bough of cherries some officious fool
Broke in the orchard for her, the white mule
She rode with round the terrace -- all and each
Would draw from her alike the approving speech,
Or blush, at least. She thanked men, -- good! but thanked Somehow -- I know not how -- as if she ranked
My gift of a nine-hundred-years-old name
With anybody's gift. Who'd stoop to blame
This sort of trifling? Even had you skill
In speech -- (which I have not) -- to make your will
Quite clear to such an one, and say, 'Just this
Or that in you disgusts me; here you miss,
Or there exceed the mark' -- and if she let
Herself be lessoned so, nor plainly set
Her wits to yours, forsooth, and made excuse,
-- E'en then would be some stooping; and I choose
Never to stoop. Oh, sir, she smiled, no doubt,
Whene'er I passed her; but who passed without
Much the same smile? This grew; I gave commands;
Then all smiles stopped together. There she stands
As if alive. Will 't please you rise? We'll meet
The company below then. I repeat,
The Count your master's known munificence
Is ample warrant that no just pretence
Of mine for dowry will be disallowed;
Though his fair daughter's self, as I avowed
At starting, is my object. Nay, we'll go
Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though,
Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity,
Which Claus of Innsbruck cast in bronze for me! Lines 17-19 The words and phrases in this line such as "faint half-flush that dies along her throat" suggests the way a person looks after they have recently died. The blood in their skin begins to drain away leaving only a faint blush. This is a foreshadowing of the revelation that the duchess was murdered on her husbands command. This line foreshadows how at the duke's "favour" the duchess' life was taken from her "breast" (i.e. she was killed and her heart stopped beating). Also, "the dropping of the daylight in the west" is an alternate of saying sunset. This sunset is not literal, but instead it is a reference to the sunset, or ending, of the duchess' life. Lines 25 & 26 "Looking as if she were alive." "As if alive." "and there she stands..." "There she stands" Comparison/Contrast My Last Duchess To the Virgins,
to Make Much of Time Tone: Theme: Structure: Theme: Tone: Structure: Make the most of the youth because it does not last forever. Light, but serious parental tone, words of caution, use of contrasting diction to emphasize theme. Broken up into stanzas to aid the flow of the poem. Consistent, easy rhyme scheme enhances the mood of the poem. Casual, but with an underlying sinister and dominating mood. Conversational structure; no stanzas. Sophisticated diction emphasizes the speaker's status. Easy rhyme scheme contrasts with the eerie feeling of the poem. A man's dominance and power can be dangerous for any who oppose him. Credits "Alfonso II D'Este, Duke of Ferrara." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Jan. 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
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"Two Red Rosesjpg Picture." Pin Two Red Rosesjpg on Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. Conclusion Though their poems expressed exceedingly different themes and possessed differing structures, both Herrick and Browning used their masterful commands of language to develop timeless classics which will never fail to evoke emotions from readers in any era.