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Strand 1: Values, Assumptions and Actions 1.2
Transcript of Strand 1: Values, Assumptions and Actions 1.2
• Explain “Living our values”
• Explain cognitive biases and cultural influences
• Identify the cognitive biases and cultural influences that impact on the way we live our values
Thinking errors are slips in thinking that everyone makes from time to time. Just as a virus stops your computer from dealing with information effectively, so thinking errors prevent you from making an accurate assessment of your experiences. Thinking errors lead you to get the wrong end of the stick, jump to conclusions etc.
Research 'Cognitive Biases'
Record five main points about this potential threat to living our values.
Can you link a cognitive bias to the values you identified last week and a situation in which the bias may impede your ability live those values?
What might serve as a threat to our values?
Strand 1: Values, Assumptions and Actions
What do you think 'Living Our Values' means?
However, you do have the ability to step back and take another look at the way you're thinking and set yourself straight.
E.g. A self-serving bias may lead a person who values competency to overlook their lack of proficiency when dealing with a task and fail to bridge a gap in their knowledge and become more competent in the role.
What is a cultural influence?
A person may value the right to make their own choices in life. They value independence, freedom, autonomy.
They come from a Catholic background and because of their religious beliefs would vote no in cases like the marriage referendum.
What inner conflict may exist?
Can you identify any cultural influences in your life?
Do these influences align with your values?
Could they test your ability to 'live your values' in certain circumstances?
1.2 Living Our Values
Biases about the world:
1. We tend to miscalculate the negative consequences of our behavior and the risk involved
2. We create inaccurate judgments about causal perceptions
3. We ignore low-probability events altogether
4. We deny uncertainty
5. We discount the future, giving disproportionally more weight to present consequences than anticipated future consequences.
Biases about other people:
1. Through ethnocentrism and stereotyping we inaccurately believe that our values and beliefs are superior to those of a different group.
2. We can be misguided by our trust in an “authority heuristic” – we often trust in the wisdom, expertise, and experience of authority figures, but occasionally this trust is misplaced and the heuristic becomes a harmful bias.
Biases about ourselves
1. We have illusions of superiority (we’re morally better people than others), sometimes because we misremember the past in our favor.
2. We have self-serving perceptions of fairness
3. Overconfidence in our abilities causes us to mispredict our future ethical behavior.
To overcome this obstacle: Be mindful of these biases and rationalizations that we all commonly use – and avoid them. Replace such rationalizations with a substantial and rigorous ethical deliberation process.