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Transcript of Broadacre City
(jeffersonian grids) QUESTIONS? Can BAC be implemented in the current urban society? AUTOORIENTED (key was the automobiles) WHAT IS WRIGHT'S UTOPIA? Self-sufficient, individualistic society that enjoys farms and lands, but at the same time is connected to agriculture, factories and business by exploiting transportation and telecommunication?
Attempt to create a socio-economic society that maintains environmental conditions, but also maintains an individualistic yet uniform architectural aesthetics as per the Usonia? GARDEN CITY BROADACRE CITY (1934) AGRARIAN URBANISM v Little houses: Upper left corner Lake & Stream: Upper right corner 1. Sports and physical recreation Baseball stadium athletic club: Bottom right Larger homes: Bottom Left 2. Cultural Institutions Central dividing highway consists of arboretum, zoo and an aquarium Circus & Totem for a lost tribe: Bottom right corner Rising terrain: Upper right corner Religious building: Top left Little homes, schools
guest house: Bottom left 3. Industries Little homes: Right side
Flight service and vineyards and
orchards: Bottom left Airplane factories, Little factories
dwelling above: Top left 4. Motels and regional shopping center Factories and dwellings: Right side
Vineyards and orchards: Top left Automobile inns, motel with pool:
Bottom left Little houses: Upper right General merchandise market Interior
Park: Bottom right city designed for democracy
one acre per person, each family gets one to five acre
main arterial road (superhigways) linked to regular grid of arterial roads Decentralized, low-density, autooriented suburbia (Average urban area density - 15 people per acre ex. Garden city - 30 people per acre) Suburban sprawl Countryside converted into city? (spreadout parts where family enjoy small farms and recreational areas but still have excess to light industry and urban facilities within 20 miles of their house) Self sufficient exurban areas, provide places to live but places to make a living as well Automobiles made land accesible for development maintaining
social connections (reduced neighborhood? lack of social contacts?) Dependency on transportation? Usonia AntiMarxist socialism (land taken from public ownership distributed to common people as long as they use it productively) Agricultural production (production will not be held in common, but dispersed to the families individualy ) House designed as per owners choice (as long as they are "integral, natural to their sites, material construction method and purpose" ) Extreme Individualism? Decentralized + Low-density + Autooriented How does BAC effect social conditions by giving every individual the responsibility of their own piece of land?
How does the local agricultural production impact BAC's economic conditions? Did Wright's vision predict an individualistic yet a fixed usonian character for all the architecture in BAC? FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT