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Sports Injuries- extrinsic / intrinsic risk factors

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katherine fewster

on 24 November 2015

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Transcript of Sports Injuries- extrinsic / intrinsic risk factors

OCR Sport -Sports Injuries :Extrinsic & Intrinsic risk factors
Unit 18 - Sports injuries
Task 1 Extrinsic/Intrinsic factors in injury

"Damage or harm done to or suffered by a person"
Extrinsic risk factors - a risk or force from outside the body
An extrinsic risk factor - can influence harm or damage to yourself although it is out of your control
Intrinsic risk factors
Intrinsic risk factors- can cause an injury through something that you have control over
Equipment
Type of activity
Poor coaching and instruction
Environmental
Factors
"Wound , damage or trauma to the body"
Taking part in sport can result in injury to any part of the body. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors that can be grouped into two categories- extrinsic or intrinsic.
Equipment
Inappropriate coaching and instruction
Safety hazards
Type of activity
environmental factors
Equipment needed to play a sport correctly should always be used or this can increase the chances of injury to either the player themselves or another player
Most sports have rules in place to offer guidance regarding what can and can't be used to aid participation within that sport
Equipment should be constantly checked and maintained to high standards to help minimise the risk of it potentially causing injury
Some sports are more susceptible to incurring injuries as the rules of the sport allow for physical contact
Contact sports Injuries often occur through tackles/challenges being made or by being tackled/challenged by another player
Non contact sports
Injuries can occur through foul tackles or accidental collisions,
or simply falling over!
The environment in which we perform can have a big impact on the likelihood of sustaining an injury
The environment includes the area in which the sport is played eg, the surface, lighting, temperature etc
The weather can have a huge impact on sports played outdoors, mainly due to its effect on the temperature, visibility and the playing surface
RISK ASSESSMENTS
SAFETY CHECKS
The technique of a skill is usually dictated by a coach/trainer/instructor. If it is taught wrong or not corrected by a coach then a performer could adopt bad habits that could lead to injury
A coach must abide by the rules and regulations of the sport at all times
Ineffective communication skills can influence the chance of injuries
Coaches should check their
player understands their command
Physical preparation
Psychological factors
Individual Variables
Posture/ causes of poor posture
Psychological Factors
Poor technique
Individual Variables
Physical preparation
Posture and causes of poor posture
PSYCHOLOGICAL means how you think
Athletes must prepare in order to perform at optimal level but if they don't, this can lead to injury as well as poor performance levels. Long term preparation is needed in training for many activities eg marathon.
If an athlete is not using the correct technique and methods for exercising, they are more likely to sustain a sports injury
This is sometimes due to the performer choosing to use the wrong technique even when they know how to perform the skill correctly
This can also be down to tiredness and lack of fitness
Athletes must be fit enough to be able to perform the skills needed to compete in their sport
The role of the performer
Learning Objective: To acquire and develop knowledge about extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors
Gd: Identify a range of extrinsic/ intrinsic risk factors (MB1)
Gr: Describe a range of extrinsic/ intrinsic risk factors (MB1/2)
Eb: Explain a range of extrinsic/ intrinsic risk factors using some examples(MB2)
O:Comprehensively explain a range of extrinsic/ intrinsic risk factors using some examples(MB3)

Watch the clip...
How many different sports injuries can you identify?
Challenge: How were they caused?
We will be looking at factors that cause injury
EXTRINSIC- an external factor
(from outside)
INTRINSIC- associated with the performer
(from inside)
Watch the clip... what happens?
Equipment
Protective equipment needs to be worn and in good working order
Performance equipment: rock harness, hockey stick etc
Clothing/ footwear needs to be suitable for the weather/ surface/ conditions
What would happen without correct equipment?
What is the sport shown in each picture?
What are the injury risks?
Identify the sport and inury
Identify the sport and injury
Compare this injury to the others you have seen
Safety Hazards
EMERGENCY ACTION PLANS
(EAP)
Risk Assessments
Before a sports activity takes place, all the risks are assessed
Things like slips and trips, chance of falling,, surface are assessed severe they are and how likely they are to happen
Rock climbing would be a high risk activity and walking would be low
Safety Checks
A coach or match official would check the pitch/ playing surface
What else would they check to make it safe?
Emergency Action Plans (EAP)
There should always be a back up plan in case of emergency.

For example: In PE lessons, we go inside in bad weather to prevent students falling over in poor conditions
Always be prepared!!!
Test yourself
Identify the 5 extrinsic risk factors (MB1/2)
Challenge (MB2/3)
Choose 2 extrinsic factors and describe how they influence the chance of injury
Assess your learning!!
Training- appropriate training should
be completed before an event, sometimes months before
Warming Up- What are the 5 stages?
Cool down- What are the two components?
What would happen if an athlete fails to complete any of these?
Fitness level- Each sport is different
Vs
Overuse- using the muscles (overloading them can cause injury) This can be training too much!!
Muscular imbalances- If you only train certain muscle groups, your muscles may be unbalanced and cause injury

Eg. Just training quads and leaving hamstrings
Everyone is different, but certain variables may affect performance
gender
age
flexibility
nutrition
sleep
previous/ recurring injuries
Indivdual variables
Vs
Vs
Task time
In groups... you will be assigned an "individual variable"
1. Describe the variable
2. Explain how it may affect performance in sport
MOTIVATION- how motivated are can impact performance.
CBA vs up for it!!
AGGRESSION
AROUSAL/ ANXIETY-
Being too aroused or worrying about sport can have a negative effect
Aggression in Sport
What happens?
How does aggression affect sport performance?
Which one are you?
Compare your posture
to a friend
Posture and causes of poor posture
Poor stance/ gait- bending your knees/
hunching
Sitting position- slumping
Physical defects- muscles weaken around an injury
Posture and causes of poor posture
Fatigue- tired muscles are unable to support the skeleton properly
Emotional factors-
having low confidence/ self esteem effects posture

Clothing- things like high heels affect posture
Sports injuries linked to poor posture
Question time
What are the causes of poor posture?
How does poor posture affect performance?
Sports injuries related to poor posture
Pelvic tilt

Round shoulder
Sports injuries related to poor posture
Scoliosis
Lordosis
Kyphosis
Plenary Questions
1. A gymnast is not very flexible, how would this affect her performance?
2. A footballer is very anxious about playing, how may this affect his performance?
Where are you now?
Which intrinic risk factors are you comfortable with?
Which need some revision?
Set a target to improve
Full transcript