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Transcript of PHILIPPINE HISTORY
PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION. CAUSES OF THE PHILIPPINES REVOLUTION. (1) abuses of the Spanish officials (2) failure of Spain to grant the reforms asked for the people (3) persecution of the oppressed people 4) racial prejudice and discrimination against the people (5) desire to regain the independence which their ancestors had enjoyed THE REVOLUTION BEGINS. 1896 August 30, 1896 a stormy meeting was held to decide if they should begin the revolution or not. Hills of Balintawak BONIFACIO gathered katipuneros, On August 26, 1896, the fiery Bonifacio forced the issue by stopping all debates “this is my challenge to Spanish tyranny. Let us fight for our people’s freedom!”
Inspired by his stirring action and words, the katipuneros shouted “Mabuhay ang pilipinas! Mabuhay ang katipunan!”. Thus the Plilippine revolution of 1896 began. The first battle of the revolution took place at the town of San Juan Del Monte.With less than 1,000 armed men, Bonifacio attacked the town of San Juan Del Monte. The Spanish garrison, consisting of 100 spanish riflemen and artillery men, bravely resisted. A bloody battle raged at the place now called Pinaglabanan. Spanish reinforcements were rushed from Manila. Bolo The Katipunan forces,
with their inferior arms of: Rifle Pistol Bamboo Spear Anting-anting The immediate cause of the revolution was the discovery of the katipunan on August 19, 1896 Agimat or bertud or anting-anting, is a Filipino word for amulet or charm.
In Filipino films, actor Ramon Revilla, Sr., as Nardong Putik, was depicted to have protection from bullets and slash wounds, provided he eats a certain special mud. T r i v i a : This bloody fight is recorded in Philippine history as the Battle of Pinaglabanan. On its site stands a monument in honor of the valiant katipuneros who sacrificed their lives for freedom’s sake. Bonifacio and his surviving men fled, leaving 153 dead comrades behind. Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro (30 November 1863 – 10 May 1897) was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary. He is often called "the great plebeian," "father of the Philippine Revolution," and "father of the Katipunan." He was a founder and later Supremo ("supreme leader") of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution.He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines, and is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first President. SPAIN THE SPREAD OF ARMED RESISTANCE TO The revolution spread to several Luzon provinces nearby. This prompted Governor-General Ramon Blanco Ramón Blanco y Erenas, marqués de Peña Plata (1833–1906) was a Spanish brigadier and colonial administrator. Born in San Sebastián, he was sent to the Caribbean in 1858 and governed Cuba and Santo Domingo. In 1861, he returned to Spain but was then sent to the Philippines (1866–1871).
Afterwards, he returned to Spain and served in the Third Carlist War, where he attained the rank of brigadier. He served as captain-general of Navarre after taking part in the 1876 offensive in the valley of Baztan; he acquired his marquisate during this time. He was sent to Cuba as captain-general in April 1879, and was involved in the Little War. He returned to Spain in November 1881 and served as captain-general of Catalonia and Extremadura. MANILA
and, NUEVA ECIJA To place the first eight provinces to revolt against Spanish sovereignty under martial law. They were : He also included in the decree the condition that anyone who would surrender within 48 hours after its publication would not be tried in military courts. T R I V I A. MANILA LAGUNA BULACAN BATANGAS CAVITE PAMPANGA TARLAC NUEVA ECIJA Some Katipuneros were duped into surrending, only to be subjected to torture. Due to torture, some Katipuneros revealed the names of some of the Katipuneros. REIGN OF TERROR SPANISH Hundreds of suspects were arrested and imprisoned. Those from the provinces were brought to Manila.
Fort Santiago became so crowded that many Filipinos who were thrown there for suspicion of involvement in the revolution were suffocated to death. Hundreds of heads of families were transported to the Carolines and to the Spanish penal colony in far away Africa A great number of Filipinos were executed at the Luneta, most notable of them was Jose Rizal. He was shot at the old Bagumbayan Field on December 30, 1896. This was ironic as Rizal was innocent of the charge of rebellion. He was recognized by the Katipuneros for his intellectual accomplishments. However, he rejected their invitations for him to join the Katipunan. To his death, Rizal had remained a reformist. THE RISE OF AGUINALDO The province of Cavite gradually emerged as the hotbed for the uprising.
The revolutionary group led by young General Emilio Aguinaldo.
Born in Kawit, Cavite, on March 22, 1869.
He attended the College of San Juan de Letran but did not finish his studies because of his widowed mother and his brothers he engaged in farming and business. Aguinaldo joined the Katipunan in 1894 and adopted the name Magdalo. The next year he was elected Capitan Municipal. The office which his father had held years before. The next year he was elected Capitan Municipal. The office which his father had held years before. The Magdiwang faction,recognize Bomifacio as supreme leader,being the founder. The Magdalo faction, led by Emilio's cousin Baldemor Agunaldo, agitated for "Heneral Miong" (Emilio's nickname) to be the organization head a success in the battlefeild. Bonifacio meanwhile had a succesion of defeats. the friction between the two inhtensified when they refused to cooperate and aid each other in battle. END BY: RHESTER VILLAFUERTE ^^,