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Transcript of Autopsy Project-China
Trade Routes and Goods Traded
Significant Leaders and Accomplishments
Classical Civilization Autopsy:
What led to the decline of the empire?
The Silk Road connected China with the west
Xiongnu nomads served as vital middle men, traveling from oasis to oasis and passing along goods
Silk was the most important export of Han China: the production of silk was a closely guarded state secret.
The silk road was a vital passage way for ideas;
Buddhism traveled along the silk road and soon developed into a universal religion
Liu Bang: Brought china under control after the fall of the Qin, establish the western (former) Han empire
Strong ruler, maintained the practice of imperial bureaucracy used by the Qin dynasty
Emperor Wu (Han Wudi): known as the "the Martial Emperor" due to his many military campaigns
Defeated the nomads to the north
Liu Xiu: following a short period of turmoil under Wang Mang, Liu Xiu re consolidated the Han empire, forming the eastern (later) Han
Western (former Han)
Eastern (later Han)
Wang Mang: following significant natural disasters, claimed the Han had lost the mandate of heaven and usurped the throne
Quickly lost control, became model of evil usurper
Han cities laid out in an orderly grid
Era of great palace building
Monumental architecture announced palaces and tombs of rulers
Court palaces became virtual "inner cities"
Enhanced productivity in farming and establishing standards for weights and measures
Other advances in technology: increased crop production, papermaking, nautical steering rudder
Located in Chang'an
Served as the imperial palace of the Western Han dynasty
The largest palace ever built on Earth
Northern Palace and Southern Palace
Located in Luoyang
Northern Palace: private residence of the emperor
Southern Palace: used for court hearings, etc.
Demolished after the end of the Han dynasty
Elite women were often literate and enjoyed respect as teachers and managers within the family
125 BCE: Han government reactivated Yuefu (Music Bureau), used to collect songs and their musical scores
Circa 85 BCE: Sima Qian writes the Shiji ("Historical Record"), the first general history of its kind that spanned the history of over 2000 years
Ban Gu wrote the Hanshu (Han documents), the history of Han dynasty containing more than 800,000 words
"The Grand Historian"
The Han government was based on feudal structures and a central bureaucracy
The emperor had control over all of China
Developed a system where future administration officials would train and get educated
Han Dynasty was one of the most powerful dynasties because of their government
Heart: Religious Beliefs
Founded by Laozi
Main religion of the Han Dynasty
Characterized by beliefs for opposites
Brought by travelers on the Silk Road
Founded by Confucious
Han Dynasty was the first dynasty to embrace Confuscianism
One of the most important ideological beliefs in this era
Ribs: Societal Infrastructure
Emperor was at the top of the social system where he ruled with the mandate of heaven
three-tiered social system
Upper Class: Aristocrats and bureaucrats
Middle Class: Merchants, Skilled laborers (farmers and iron workers)
Lower Class: Unskilled laborers (servants and peasants)
Economy was based on growth of the population
Inventions and art helped increase trade
Put heavier taxes on merchants than small land owners
Took land from nobles so that peasants and farmers start planting more
Emperors became apathetic and the court grew weak
Lack of resources and money to pay for the government, military, etc.
Economic inequality increased
Invasions from nomadic peoples, such as the Mongols
Sino-Xiongnu Wars (133 BCE-89 CE) greatly destabilized the Han government
“History of Chinese Religion.” ReligionFacts.com. 10 Nov. 2015. Web. Accessed 12 Oct. 2016. <www.religionfacts.com/chinese-religion/history>
Violatti, Christian. "Confucianism." Ancient History Encyclopedia, 31 Aug. 2013, www.ancient.eu/Confucianism/. Accessed 12 Oct. 2016.
Tignor, Robert, et al. From The Beginnings of Humankind to the Present. Edited by Jon Durbin, 3rd ed., New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 2011.
"Han Dynasty Social Structure." The Han Dynasty, thehandynasty.com/
han-dynasty-social-structure.html. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.
By Solomon Thomas
"Chinese literature." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 29 Dec. 2015. http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106241#61276.toc. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.
"2,000 Years of Chinese Art: Han Dynasty to the Present." McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture, U of Tennessee Knoxville, mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/exhibits/chinese-art/. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.
"Han Dynasty Government." Totally History, 2012, totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-government/. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.
"Han Dynasty Economy." Totally History, 2012, totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-economy/. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.