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Dental Hygiene

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Tina Reyes-Magnanelli

on 1 May 2017

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Transcript of Dental Hygiene

Table of Contents
1. Daily Dental Hygiene
2. Dentist Visit
3. Tooth Decay
4. Checking for Cavities
5. Fluoride Treatment
6. Fillings
7. Foods
It is important that we include taking care of our teeth in our daily hygiene routine.

Every time we eat or drink something we expose our teeth to bacteria and sugars that can damage our teeth.

This means we have to counteract that by
brushing and flossing our teeth everyday at least 2x a day.

Tooth Decay
According to the American Dental Association, "tooth decay is the destruction of tooth enamel, the hard, outer layer of your teeth. Plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, constantly forms on your teeth.

When you eat or drink sugary foods, the bacteria in the plaque produces acids that attack tooth."

Cavities are what you get from tooth decay- Tooth decay can affect both the outer layer (enamel) of the tooth and the inner layer (pulp).
Fluoride Treatment
Fluoride is a natural mineral that makes your teeth strong and helps prevent cavities.
At the dentist's office, a fluoride gel or foam will be applied to your teeth.

Most dental offices offer fluoride treatments with flavoring, like bubble gum or grape.

The fluoride treatment will take about 1 to 4 minutes.
The dental hygienist will probably tell you not to eat or drink anything (including water) for 30 minutes after the fluoride treatment.
Daily Dental Hygiene
Your smile depends on simple dental care habits, such as
brushing and flossing.

Proper dental hygiene begins with clean healthy teeth

"You can't reach the tight spaces between your teeth and under the gum-line with a toothbrush."
Make sure to do one tooth at a time

Be gentle (we don't want our gums to bleed)

"As long as you do a thorough job, it doesn't matter if you brush or floss first."

Also consider using a mouthwash that contains
in order to maintain a good oral health.
If you have a cavity, you'll probably have to come back to the dentist's office for another visit.

At that time, the dentist will remove the decayed part from your tooth with special dental tools.
Then the decayed area will be filled with materials that will keep your tooth strong and healthy, like tooth-colored or silver fillings.

As soon as you sit down in the dental chair, the dentist will give you a tiny shot of an anesthetic which is a medicine that numbs the area around the tooth.
Dental Hygiene
Dentist Visit
Although brushing and flossing are important, visiting your dentist regularly can help your teeth stay healthy.

The dentist is a doctor who specializes in taking care of teeth.
When you visit your dentist they usually look at your teeth and gums to check for any problems.

Then they check that your teeth are developing properly.

Dentist advise that you visit the dentist every 6 months. Unless, you are having a toothache or any problems with your teeth.
Checking for Cavities
During your visit, the dental hygienist will...
Take X-rays, or pictures, of your teeth.

They can show cavities hiding between your teeth and problems beneath your gums.

Although it may be uncomfortable, it does not hurt to get an X-ray and it only takes a few seconds.

The dental hygienist will place a thick blanket over your chest (to protect your body from the high-energy waves) and put a piece of plastic (that holds the X-ray film) into your mouth.

As you gently bite down on the plastic, you'll have to be very still for a few seconds while the dental hygienist snaps the picture.
Foods that Can Help Maintain Good Dental Health
There are some foods that actually fortify our teeth and combat bacteria

Snacking on foods rich in calcium and phosphorus can protect tooth enamel and even help replace minerals in teeth after acids wear down enamel.
Low-fat cheese, milk, and yogurt

(avoid varieties with lots of added sugar) are classic calcium-rich choices. Cheese is especially beneficial because it contains casein, a protein that can shore up enamel

Meat, fish, and tofu
Are loaded with phosphorus, another important mineral that may protect tooth enamel . Homemade broth made from meat bones is a particular good source of this essential mineral.
Foods Cont.
Looking for vegetarian-friendly sources for these minerals?

Broccoli, bok choy, and other dark, leafy veggies (for example kale, spinach, mustard or collard greens) are excellent animal-free ways to get plenty of vitamins and minerals, though their connection to tooth health is less clear

Crunchy, firm foods that contain lots of water (and require lots of chewing) are good for oral health because they stimulate the flow of saliva.
Drool is important for oral health — saliva contains enzymes that buffer the acids present in food and clean bits of food out of nooks and crannies.

Apples and carrots can scrub away plaque and freshen breath (so hit up the produce stand before heading to a hot date).

Celery is almost always a good dietary choice. Full of water and fibrous strands, this raw veggie is basically nature’s floss.
Consequences of Poor Dental Hygiene
Mandibular Cellulitis
Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (severe form of gingivitis)
Losing Teeth
Bad Breath
Tooth Decay
So remember to always brush your teeth, floss, and visit your dentist
For more information on this and other topics, please visit our website at

It is important to maintain strong and healthy teeth as teens and adults because the teeth we have are the only teeth we get.

Once we break or lose them we can only try to repair them or replace them with fake teeth.
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