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Transcript of Indian Revolution
Symptomatic and Incubation: Causes of the
Crisis: The Amritsar Massacre
The final spark to start the fire was the Amritsar massacre, or the Jallianwala Bagh massacre on April 13, 1919. The Amritsar massacre was a turning point for the revolution. A crowd of Indians were peacefully protesting against the government. The general reginald and 50 soldiers opened fire on the crowd and killed almost 400 people and injuring more than 1,100. After the massacre, people began to protest for full independence.
The Salt March
The Amritsar Massacre
Gandhi and his followers went to the sea shore on March 12, 1930.
On April 6, Gandhi broke the law by simply picking up a lump of sea salt from the ocean.
He was arrested and jailed.
A new self-government came in place after the revolution.
A new peaceful prime minister was chosen, Jawaharlal Nehru.
World History textbook
letter from Gandhi to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, 2 March 1930
Concession and Repression: British Rule in India, 1857-1919 by Dr. Robert Carr
Gandhi's thoughts on Britain
"...I do not intend harm to a single Englishman..."
"...I regard the British rule as a curse..."
...i do not...consider Englishmen in general to be worse than any other people on Earth"
- from letter from Gandhi to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, March 1930
Lower and middle Indian castes revolted. they were looking for peace. Their religions were Hindu or Muslim. They were upset with the government and revolted as a whole.
What Happened Next?
In 1947, the Indian Independence Act was signed. It separated the Muslim majority areas from India to create Pakistan.
A Hindu extremist murdered Gandhi in 1948
In Jan 26th, 1950, Jawaharlal Nehru became first prime minister of India.
The same day, a new Indian Constitution was ratified.
The Salt March
British restricted Indians to get natural sea salt, they needed to get it from the monopoly.
On March 12, 1930, Gandhi went to Ahmedabad with several followers, which was a 240 mile trek.
They went to the town of Dandi on the Arabian Sea.
On April 13, 1919, a peaceful group of Indians were in one field.
General Reginald Dyer, the British commander, had banned public meetings.
Dyer and 50 men fired at the crowd.
Almost 400 people died, and more than 1,100 were injured.