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Problem Based Learning
Transcript of Problem Based Learning
That PBL creates Discovering
what the sudent need
to learn Examination of the students personal current knowledge and skills. Develops
social skills for
working together in teams Improves
felixibilty in processing
the skills needed
after the student's education Steps There are 9 steps that occur when Problem Based Learning is practiced. Steps 2 thru 5 are often repeated multiple times through out the project. 1.Explore the Issue Your teacher introduces an "ill-structured" problem. Discuss the problem given and list the crucial pieces.Students will have to gather information and learn new concepts, principles, or skills while being engaged in the problem-solving process. 2.List "What you know" What do you know to solve the problem? This includes both your individual knowledge and the strengths and capabilities each team member.Consider ALL possibilties and write them down, no matter how strange they may seem. (You never know what will be needed to solve the problem.) 3. Develop, and write out, the problem statement in your own words: A problem statement should come from the group's analysis of what is known, and what the group will need to know to solve it. You will need:a written statementthe agreement of your group on the statement 4. List out possible solutions List them in order from strongest to weakest, and as a group pick the one that is most likely to succeed. 5. List actions to be taken
with a timeline Questions for students to ask them self...
What do we have to know and do to solve the problem?
How do we rank these possibilities?
How do these relate to our list of solutions?
Do we agree? 6. List "What do we need to know?" Research the knowledge and data that will be needed to support the groups solution.
*This is where you the students will fill in the "gaps" from current knowledge and the discovery of new information.*
Also during this step students will need to assign research requirements and deadlines with in the group of students. After step 6 if the research supports the solution, and if there is general agreement, go to step 7,
if not, go to back to step 4 and repeat. 7. Write up the final solution with its supporting documentation, and submit it. This should include the problem statement, questions, data gathered, analysis of data, and support for solutions or recommendations based on the data analysis: in short, the process and outcome.
Key Ideas to Remember when Presenting:
State clearly both the problem and the conclusion. Summarize the process used, options considered, and difficulties encountered. Convince, not overpower. Bring others to your side, or to consider without prejudice the supporting documentation and reason. Help others learn, as you have learned. If challenged and you have an answer, present it clearly and if you don't have an answer, acknowledge it and refer it for more consideration. 8. Review Performance Recall as a group and as an individual the
successes and failures through the project..
Learn from mistakes and take pride in
the accomplishments! 9. Celebrate your work! http://www.studygs.net/pbl.htm (Study Guides and Strategies- Problem Based Learing)
Work Cited What is Problem Based
This process differs from the teacher-dominated approach used in most educational settings, by having students discover the information themseleves, search for new ideas, and debate them in a scholory enviroment. Who was the first
to use PBL and where did it
Although Plato and Socrates used this method to teach their students, it was "officially" adopted in 1968 by McMaster Medical University. They began using PBL because their students had a difficult time applying basic knowledge to clinical duties. How Does Problem BaseD Learning Work? Students in small groups investigate and analyze problems/scenarios. 1) Identify the FACTS in the problem or scenario 2) Generate un-criticized IDEAS about the scenario/problem while identifying the problem 3) Identifying the things they have to LEARN about in order to test their hypotheses. This is where they are "creating" their own learning. What Do Students Gain From PractiCing Problem Based Learning? Research in educational psychology has found that traditional educational approaches like letures do not lead to a high rate of knowledge retention.
In fact, studies have shown that in 90 days students forget 90% of everything they have been told. (Smilovitz) Perhaps one of the greatest advantages of PBL is that students genuinely enjoy the process of learning, because the relevance of information learned is readily apparent; students become aware of a need for knowledge as they work to resolve the problems. http://www.usc.edu/hsc/dental/ccmb/usc-csp/Quikfacts.htm (Problem-Based Learning-PBL) http://online.sfsu.edu/~rpurser/revised/pages/problem.htm (Problem-Based Learning) PROBLEM BASED LEARNING