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Political Effects of the American Revolution
Transcript of Political Effects of the American Revolution
Liberty was contagious and spread across the world.
America inspired revolutions in France, Haiti, Ireland, Poland, the Netherlands and all throughout the Spanish Empire.
New nations and colonies emerged in these regions.
Many of them formed democratic governments.
Creating the Perfect Government:
Influences of the Enlightenment
Ideals of the American Revolution were inspired by the European Age of Enlightenment (period of dramatic advancement in science, philosophy, society, and politics.
Enlightenment ideals: freedom and equality for all, founded upon principles of human reason.
Creating the Perfect Government:
Where to begin?
Americans wanted to break away from any resemblance to British government.
America wanted to include more men in the political process - to provide representation for its citizens.
Farmers and Artisans made up a majority of elected officials. These groups represented the characteristics of ideal citizen - honest, hard-working, independent, talented laborers.
Adopted the Articles of Confederation - "The First Constitution" on March 1, 1781.
Established a non-centralized form of government.
This proved to be an inadequate form of government. There was little control over the sovereign states. Its fatal flaw was the inability to collect taxes.
On March 4, 1789 our present Constitution went into effect with a concept of checks and balances to prevent any one branch of government from gaining too much power.
“Ambition must be made to counteract ambition” - James Madison
The Treaty of Paris
Talks began in April of 1782
The Continental Congress named five men to negotiate a treay (John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens). However Henry Laurens was captured by a British Warship and held at the Tower of London until the war's end. Jefferson was unable to leave America in time, so the remaining 3 (Adams, Franklin, and Jay) conducted the negotiations with British representative Richard Oswald.
Main Points of the Treaty:
British recognition of American Independence.
American fisherman's right of access to the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland and other traditional fisheries in Canadian waters
Britain ceding to U.S. all territory between the Allegheny Mountains and the Mississippi River (doubling the size of the U.S.)
U.S. agreed to end persecution of Loyalists and restore their property confiscated in wartime.
Neither country would block creditors from collecting debts.
The treaty was signed on September 3 1783, officially ending the Revolutionary War. Ratified by Congress in 1784
"Humanity has won its battle. Liberty now has a country." - Marquis de Layfayette
Articles of Confederation
What was the Treaty of Paris?
What were its main points?
How did Enlightenment Ideals influence the new America?
What were the Articles of Confederation?
Why did they fail?
What is YOUR idea of an ideal citizen?