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Complex Sentences

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by

Mark Schoenfeld

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Complex Sentences

Complex Sentences
Subordinating Conjunctions
Subordinate (dependent) clauses begin with a
subordinating conjunction.
Two types of complex sentences:
Complex Sentences
When a sentence has both a dependent and an independent clause, it becomes a
complex sentence.
Practice
Notice each clause in this practice begins with a subordinate conjunction. AAAWWUBBIS

You can see and hear that each of the clauses cannot stand on its own and make sense.
Subordinate Clauses
Notice how the prefix SUB- affects each root word's meaning:
A SUBmarine operates
under
the surface of the water.
A SUBway operates
under
the ground.
What's a subordinate clause?
A SUBordinate clause (dependent clause) operates
under
the power of an independent clause.
Subordinate Clause =
Dependent Clause
If you are dependent, you rely on someone or something to help you out, right?

A dependent clause (subordinate clause) depends on the independent clause to make sense and be complete.
Clause =
subject + verb
Remember, all clauses have a subject and a verb; however, the subordinate (dependent) clause
does not express a complete thought.
Independent Clause
subordinate clause
Without the independent clause, a dependent clause is an incomplete thought
Examples:

After we got home (Well, what happened then?)

Because you missed the bus (Yikes, then what happened?)
AAAWWUBBIS
After
Although
As
When
While
Until
Because
Before
If
Since
Complex sentence begins with a subordinate/dependent clause:
When
a sentence begins with a dependent clause
,
it's a
comma
causer.
(See, it just did! "
When
" is a subordinating conjunction.)

Ex: "
While
he had accepted and understood that the bear did not want to hurt him
,
it was still much in his thoughts..." (Hatchet)
Subordinate/dependent clause comes later in the sentence:
A subordinating conjunction coming after the independent clause won't need a comma
because
it already has the strength and support of the independent clause to help it make it's meaning.

Ex: "Most of the Peacekeepers turn a blind eye to the few of us who hunt
because
they're as hungry for fresh meat as anybody is." (The Hunger Games)
Notice where the
subordinating conjunction
is in each sentence. Also notice when a
comma
is required. Both sentences are complex:

As
we sat huddled in the football stands
,
it began to rain.

It began to rain
as
we sat huddled in the football stands.
Directions:
Add a comma and write an independent clause to create interesting complex sentences. Write your sentences in the order they are given here.

Option: create your own dependent clauses, but they must stay in the AAAWWUBBIS order.
After fifth period yesterday

Although we had locked the front door

As the sun sank behind the trees

When you make that ridiculous noise

While we watched the scary movie

Until I clean out my locker

Because I studied so hard for the test

Before my mom takes us to the mall

If you don't stop doing that

Since you were so nice to me
Full transcript