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Desnutrition

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by

David Ruiz

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of Desnutrition

Kwashiorkor
Topic Objectives

To learn about deseases that are related to malnutrition.
To learn the causes of these diseases
To learn how to prevent these diseases
Kwashiorkor
Definition
Kwashiorkor is the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in developing countries. It is a form of malnutrition caused by not getting enough protein in your diet.

Causes
Kwashiorkor is caused by not eating enough protein. It is most common in countries where there is limited food supply or in places with low levels of education. It is especially common in developing countries that are experiencing:
famine
political unrest natural disasters, such as earthquakes, landslides, hurricanes and floods

What are the symptoms of Kwashiorkor?
The symptoms of kwashiorkor include:
change in skin and hair color (reddish-orange color)
fatigue
diarrhea
loss of muscle mass
failure to grow or gain weight
edema (swelling)
damaged immune system, which can lead to more frequent and severe infections
irritability
flaky rash
large belly that sticks out
shock
TREATMENT
Kwashiorkor can be corrected by eating more protein and more calories overall, especially if treatment is started early.
You may first be given more calories in the form of carbohydrates, sugars, and fats. Once these calories provide energy, you are given foods with proteins. Foods must be introduced and calories should be increased slowly because you have been without proper nutrition for a long period, and your body may need to adjust to the increased intake.
Your doctor will also recommend vitamin and mineral supplements.
Vocabulary
Nutrional desorder
:A nutritional disorder is a disease that results from excessive or inadequate intake of food and nutrients which leads to conditions such as obesity, kwarshiarkor and rickets. Nutritional disorders usually result from long-standing states and habits
Malnutrition
: Malnutrition is the condition that develops when the body does not get the right amount of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function.
Edema
: Edema is swelling caused by excess fluid trapped in your body's tissues.
Full transcript