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Transcript of Feminism
Women's acceptance of traditional roles began to dissipate in part due to post war era and Market Revolution
Began taking on abolition and temperance movements and leads to women's rights movements
Literacy expanded (increase for education) and Enlightenment challenged authorities
Elizabeth Stanton - Elizabeth Stanton served as the president of the National Woman Suffrage Association formed in 1869 for eight years and was the author of The Woman’s Bible and an autobiography, "Eighty Years and More"
Susan B. Anthony - Susan B. Anthony organized numerous campaigns and lectures on the issue all over the country. She was instrumental in forming the Women’s Loyal National League, which supported the policies of President Abraham Lincoln.
Mary Wollstonecraft - Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer and feminist philosopher who raised her voice for gender equality. Her 1792 work, “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” questioned Rousseau’s ideas of female inferiority and acquired a prominent status in feminist literature.
What and How?
The women's rights movement happened because women wanted equal rights as all the men. The movement had more success over failure.
Some success were the right to vote for women granted by the 19th amendment, working conditions and wages were better for women, women had more job opportunities, women could be in politics, and an overall better life for women.
Some failure to the movements were that some people still don't see women equal to men, and women still were not able to have sole ownerships of properties.
Women joined by liberal-minded men and philosophers like John Stuart Mill
Led to whole re-examination of relationships between women and men and role of women in society
1870: UK passed Married Women's Property Act (allowed to inherit property and own money)
1869: U.S. territory Wyoming became the first state to grant women the right to vote
1870: Ellen Richards first women to attend a science or technical school
By : Maya Fowler, Michael Garrido, Kevin Huynh, Josh Mendez, Brittney Nguyen, Tracy Tran
Similarities and Differences
New groups such as NOW (National Organization For Women), Object, and League Of Woman Voters are similar by fighting for modern day problems. League Of Woman Voters fight to protect female voters advising them to vote early and also helps any voter get proper documentation and information they need to vote while NOW and Object address issues such as objectification, wage gap, and any type of discrimination against women. Majority of the female groups now are still fighting for what feminist groups did in the 19th century. They wanted all wanted to move away from the dependent role of a woman and start doing things such as lead and be independent which used to be the role of a man in the 19th century.
The differences in today's society than in the 19th century is the overall standard of living of woman which has increased the social status of women. Without this women would not be able to even live on there own and earn a high enough income to survive without a spouse, this is especially important to women who are raising a family and need to support their economic needs. With the wage gap increasing it has lead to almost no dependence on men to bring the money it has been led to both adults in the nuclear family household, which has increased the social standard of income by having both parents being able to reach higher employment opportunities contradicting the house hold in the 18th century. the Nuclear family has had flaws in the 18th century where economic dependence of the family was laid upon the men. women had no availability to help in a tremendous way because the wage gap and biased of employers.
Staff, By Editorial. "10 Most Famous Feminists in History - Wonderslist." WondersList. 2015. Accessed November 03, 2016. http://www.wonderslist.com/10-most-famous-feminists-in-history/.
Study.com. “Feminism in the 19th Century”. Study.com. Accessed November 02 2016. http://study.com/academy/lesson/feminism-in-the-19th-century-womens-rights-roles-and-limits.html
History, Art, and Archives. “The Women’s Rights Movement, 1848-1920”. History, Art, and Archives. Accessed November 02 2016. http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/WIC/Historical-Essays/No-Lady/Womens-Rights/
Successes and Failures. "Women's Suffrage Movement." Accessed November 03, 2016. https://sites.google.com/a/palisadessd.net/woman-s-suffrage-movement/sucesses-and-failures
infoplease. “The Wage Gap.” Accessed November 03, 2016. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0763170.html
AAUW. “The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap (Fall 2016).” Accessed November 03, 2016. http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/
“Organizations fighting for women’s equality” Accessed November 04, 2016 https://www.salsalabs.com/get-know-us/blog/5-awesome-organizations-fighting-for-womens-equality
Salsa. “Organizations Fighting for Women’s Equality” Accessed November 04, 2016 https://www.salsalabs.com/get-know-us/blog/5-awesome-organizations-fighting-for-womens-equality
Comparison between men and women wages
Equal Pay Act signed in 1963 made it illegal for employers to pay unequal wages to men and women who hold the same job and do the same work, women had a wage of $.58 for every dollar a man earned
By 2013, rate increased to $.78. African-American earn $.64 to every dollar earned by a man. Hispanic earn $.56, and Asian women earn $.80.
In 2015, women working full time in the United States typically were paid just 80% of what men were paid
Gender pay gap also grows with age, and differences among older workers are considerably larger than gaps among younger workers
Education level also affects the wage pay