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Homer, Odyseey, Greek Gods, Epic Literature
Transcript of Homer, Odyseey, Greek Gods, Epic Literature
By Homer Relationships Survial Courage & Bravery Effects of War Faithfulness Passage of Time Who is Homer? Essential Questions What is a relationship? What obstacles stand in the way of enduring relationships? In times of adversity, do family bonds/ relationships help us survive? Does it take courage to sustain a relationship? How do relationships endure over time? THEMES
Balance is best in all things.
Love conquers all.
Nothing is more important than getting home.
Family relationships sustain us.
In time of tragedy, we rely on past relationships to give us hope for survival. Ancient Greece was not so different from the world in which you live.
The country itself was divided into small states, called city-states.
Education, leisure and warfare were very important to Greek life.
The Greeks believed in many gods, and their belief system included legends and myths, such as Hercules, the Trojan War, and the journey of Odysseus. Sorry .... But this is not Homer! He was the son of Epikaste and Telemachus Born around 8th - 9th century B.C.
The Bronze Age (3300–1200 BCE) Said to be a court singer and a story teller. (Poet). Blind The “bard” who composed
the Iliad and
between 900 and 700 B.C.
Homer did not compose each epic all at once:
he told them in a series of short episodes that
could be recited in an evening.
Editors, not Homer himself, organized the epics in 24 books.
There is not a lot known about Homer.
One scholar suggests Homer was a woman because
home and hearth played such an important role in his stories. Failure is the complete antithesis of being epic Definition: A long and highly stylized narrative poem celebrating the heroic achievements of its hero.
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey are usually regarded as the first important epic poems and are considered to define the form.
What is an Epic Poem? Characteristics of an Epic Poem 1) It opens in the midst of the story (in medas res :
Latin: “in the midst of things")
and by stating the theme of the epic. 2) The setting is vast in scope. It covers great geographical distances, perhaps even visiting the underworld, other wortlds, other times. 3) Writer invokes a Muse, one of the nine daughters of Zeus. The poet prays to the muses to provide him with divine inspiration to tell the story of a great hero. 4) It starts with a statement of the theme. 5) The style of writing is elevated, even ceremonial. 6) It includes long lists. 7) Main characters give extended long and formal speeches. 8) Supernatural forces (divine interest) interest themselves in the action
and intervene at times. The intervention of the gods is called "machinery." 9) The Heroes embody the values of civilization. The hero is a figure
of great national or even cosmic importance, usually the ideal man
of his culture. He often has superhuman or divine traits.
He has an imposing physical stature and is greater in all ways
than the common man. 10) The action consists of deeds of valor or superhuman courage (especially in battle). 11) The use of Epithets. (ep·i·thet : From the Greek, "added") They can be either nicknames or titles given to people, as in Alfred the Great and William the Conqueror, or insults. Homer, in Book I of The Odyssey:
"Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy." (Robert Fagles translation, 1996)
Heroes During Homer’s Time Heroes were a special class of aristocrats, in between gods and ordinary human beings. No matter what pain they may have experienced, they always displayed CONFIDENCE Setting: 10th year of the Trojan War
Greeks vs. Trojans
Helen, the “face that launched a thousand ships.”
Menelaus, Helen’s Greek Husband
Paris, the prince of Troy
Climax: Trojan Horse (Odysseus’s idea) Setting: 10 years after the end of the Trojan War
Theme: A Long Journey
A Hero In trouble:
Odysseus, a Greek soldier trying to find his way home to Ithaca
People of Ithaca have forgotten about him
His war-hero status is not important anymore
9th & 10th Grade Writing Prompt
3-5 Paragraph Essay
Topic: what relationships have had the greatest impact on you? Respond to one fo the choices in the prompt below.
Describe one of your own relationships & explain why it is important.
Write about a relationshi[ that help shape who you are today.
Persuade a parent or a friend why a relationship that you have is valuable
- Use examples from real life, from what you have read or watch, or from your imagination.
NOTE: Before beginning, you are required to create a pre-write
Note 2: Nowhere in this essay will the cliche : (someone was "there for me.")