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American Mobilization in WWI

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Stephanie Gross

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of American Mobilization in WWI

How did the US mobilize for war?
The US enhanced their army draft. At the time of the war, the army was relativly small and had some work to do before entering the war in Europe. American troops were trained to fight. At the time period there were also machines and weapons being built to use in the war.
During WWI, the United States Food Administration was the main agency responsible for supplying food to allie reserves. One of the agency's most important tasks was to stabalize the price of wheat on the US market. Under the direction of Herbert Hoover the U. S. Food Administration employed its Grain Corporation, organized under the provisions of the Food Control Act of August 10, 1917, as an agency for the purchase and sale of foodstuff.
The Federal Fuel Administration was a WWI agency established on August 23, 1917. The Federal Fuel Administration was established and US President Woodrow Wilson appointed Harry A. Garfield to lead the agency. The activities of the administration included setting and enforcing the prices of coal
Victory Bonds
These were bonds the government created to finance the war effort. They borrowed money by selling savings bonds for a certain amount and after a certain period of time the owner of the bond could cash them for value. These were much like Liberty Bonds in the sense that they were sold by the government to finance war efforts.

Image by Tom Mooring
American Mobilization in WWI
Raising Income Taxes
Income taxes were introduced during the war because many other forms of taxation were becoming unfeasible. Government spending was becoming too much, therefore the US decided to raise income taxes during the years of the war.
Liberty Bonds
Liberty Bonds were war bonds that the US sold to support the allied cause in WWI. Purchasing Liberty Bonds became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States and introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time ever in the country.
War Industries Board
The War Industries Board was a United States government agency established on July 28, 1917 that coordinated the purchases of war supplies. The WIB was first led by Frank A. Scott and initially dealt with labor-management disputes resulting from increased demand for products during World War I.
Fuel Administration
Food Administration
National War Labor Board
the NWLB was a federal agency created on April 8, 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson. Its purpose was to handle disputes between workers and employers in order to ensure labor reliability and productivity during the war. It was no longer in existence after the war in May 1919.
Espionage Act
The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It was intended to prohibit interference with military operations or recruitment, to prevent insubordination in the military, and to prevent the support of U.S. enemies during wartime.
Sedition Act
The Sedition Act of 1918 was an Act of the United States Congress that extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government or the war effort in a negative light or interfered with the sale of government bonds
Women Contributions
During the 20th century, women were needed during war more than ever because large numbers of men were killed on the battlefields. By 1914 around 5 million out of the 23.8 million women in Britain were working. Thousands worked in factories and offices. Women were also involved in other voluntary work, as well, but they had to work for paid employment for the sake of their families. Many women worked as volunteers serving at the Red Cross, encouraged the sale of war bonds or planted "victory gardens".
Propaganda
Propaganda was used to make people feel like they needed to go to war or else they were useless. It was basically advertising to go to war.
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