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LANDSCAPES

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by

Colegio Montepinar

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of LANDSCAPES

Why do landscapes change?
A plain is a large area of flat land at sea level.

A plateau is a plain that is more than 200 meters above sea level.

A depression is a plain that is lower than the land around it.
Flat landscapes
What are coastal landscapes like?
The
coast
is the part of the land that is
next to the sea or the ocean
.
Some coastlines are
straight
.
Others are
irregular
and have different landforms.
What are inland landscapes like?
A
mountain
is a
landform
that sticks up above the land around it. A
hill
is a
small mountain
.
Several mountains in a line form a
mountain range
.
LANDSCAPES
On the Earth there are many different types of
landscape
. Some are
inland
and others are
coastal
. Some are
flat
and others are
mountainous
.
In landscapes we can see:
Natural elements:
mountains, plains, rivers, lakes, plants, animals…H
uman elements:
buildings, houses, factories, schools, roads, fields...
This landscape has rocks, a river and vegetation. It is a
natural landscape
.
This landscape has flats, roads and swimming pools. It is a landscape with
human elements
.
Natural phenomena and human activity change landscapes.
Rain, wind, snow, volcanoes, earthquakes and floods are examples of
natural phenomena
.



Planting fields, building roads, bridges, railway lines and factories are examples of
human activity
.
Human activity
can damage the environment.
Fires and cutting down trees reduce the area of forests.
Rubbish contaminates rivers and lakes.
Some factories make noise and contaminatethe air.
Mountains have 3 parts:
Peak
Side
Base
A
group of mountain
ranges forms a
mountain system
A valley is
low land between mountains
. Rivers usually flow

through valleys.
Several mountains in a line form a
mountain range.
Mountain landscapes
Plain
Depression
A
headland
is land that sticks out into the sea.
A
bay
is an area of sea that
cuts into the land
.
Portman Bay
A
peninsula
is land surrounded by the sea on all sides,
except one
.
An
island
is land
completely surrounded
by the sea.
An
archipelago
is a
group of islands
in the same area.
Full transcript