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The Columbian exchange and Global trade
Transcript of The Columbian exchange and Global trade
By:María Caridad García,Milena Espoz and María Paula Moncayo
The passage from the Old Word to the New World in the Columbian Exchange was not only for humans but for animals that made a big impact on the New World. Some of these impacts were
Was the transformation of the grasslands because of the constant animals that were there
-Revolutionizing of labor:
As natives only had domestic and servant animals, this weren´t so useful for their work. With the arrival of European animals, a whole new way of transportation, a new food source and a new labor form came to be part of native and conquistors daily-life.
There was an abundance of new plants discovered in the Americas.
The Columbian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life. Beginning after Columbus' discovery in 1492 the exchange lasted throughout the years of expansion and discovery. The Columbian Exchange impacted the social and cultural makeup of both sides of the Atlantic. Advancements in agricultural production, evolution of warfare, and education are a few examples of the effect of the Columbian Exchange on both Europeans and Native Americans.
The Columbian Exchange influenced technological advances in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Europe was an economic and technological power compared to the Native Americans.
Pigs reproduced really fast:
-30,000 in Cuba
-7000 in Peru
Pigs meat served as food for explorers.
Pigs were a little bit different, were similar to a speedy wild boar.
Horses were plentiful animals in Europe
Columbus brought them for the first time in 1493
Was a difficult trip for the horses
Horses terrified the natives, so was and advantage Europeans had to win the battles
Later, horses were left wild and free
Mostly they occupied three main grasslands were Pampas of Argentina, Llanos of Venezuela and Columbia.
Were brought to Mexico in 1521
Were brougth to South America in 1493 by Columbus
The cattle were killed for their hides and also for their meat.
Hides were brougth back to Europe and there sold.
Their meat supplied explores needs.
One negative effect about some cattles was that they destroyed the native´s crops because of grazing.
Most Important plants:
It is also knonw as American Corn.
It was always important in the Ameridian diet because it could be stored.
It was possible to transported it because it adapts fast.
In Europe,Asia and in Africa maize is combine with other crops.
They became essential in European diet specially for the lower class people.
They came from ''The Andes'' mountains in South America.
Potatoes resist cold and grow in thin soil.
It is essential in every culture.
It appered 10 000 years ago in New Guinea.
It was difficult to cultivate in Europe so Columbus brought it to America.
The written alphabet is notable because of how it was used by the Europeans. Since Native Americans had no formal written language, Europeans knew that establishing relations by way of treaties would be difficult. Europeans educated Natives by teaching them to read and write a European language, this would help break down barriers, thus integrating cultures. At first the natives were skeptical about the written language, because Natives never followed a written agreement, blood oaths were their highest form of agreement. Europeans did not just try and teach them language for the purpose of trade. Europeans used their alphabet to "educate" Natives as well, by trying to convert them to Christianity.
New Farming equipment like the plow increased the New World economy and improved health on a long term basis. The plow was highly important because it cultivated large areas of land creating a surplus of plants for both Natives and Europeans. Animals such as horses and oxen would pull the plows across the land, this helped to cultivate more land.
Guns and knives facilitated hunting and fishing for the Native Americans. While Natives already had knives, what they used were very malleable because they were made of obsidian and could not be used over and over like the European knives made of steel and iron.
European architecture helped to build new homes, ranches, farms, ports and ships in the new world. The establishment of these architectural structures led to the establishment of the first colonial and native towns and also the first government buildings in the new world. Towns relocated Indians from their land into villages and towns.
Rats arrived the New World by mistake
Were brought in the storage of ships and was difficult to control them
They carried diseases that plagued the colonists
Diseases such as the bubonic plague and typhus
In some colonies they killed off the native smaller animals.
MOST COMMON ANIMALS WERE:
There was an exchange from the New World to the Old World as well.
Explorers brought back turkeys, llamas, and alpaca to Europe.
These animals did not have as much of an impact on the Old World as the animals brought to the New World had.