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Europe after the Reformation

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Jonathan Van Schepen

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of Europe after the Reformation

Scotland
England
The Netherlands
France
Spain
Germany
Italy
Switzerland
Sweden
John Knox (1514-1572)
Presbyterian church takes root
Calvinism
Opposed Roman Catholicism
Henry VIII (r1509-1547) breaks with Roman Catholic Church and forms the Anglican Church
Edward VI (r1547-1553) continues reforms
Mary I (r1553-1558) goes back to Catholicism
Elizabeth I (r1558-1603) renounces Catholicism
1558-1559: Elizabethan Religious Settlement
Tyndale's Bible (1523); KJV (1611)
Rebellion against Spanish (Roman Catholic) rule
80 years of war: 1568-1648
Independent country is largely Calvinist
Southern provinces remain Catholic
1561: Guido de Bres writes the Belgic Confession
1618-1619: Synod of Dort
1496-1561: Menno Simons
Toned down the zeal of radical Anabaptists
Calvinism spreads rapidly: Huguenots
Up to 2 million by 1562
1572: St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Thousands slaughtered
1598: Edict of Nantes gives towns and territory to Huguenots
However, persecution slowly returned
By 1700, most Huguenots had fled, died, or converted
Remained staunchly Roman Catholic
1492: Christopher Columbus sails
Catholicism is eventually spread around the world
1540: Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
Strongly opposed the Protestant Reformation
Adopted Lutheranism
1630: Gustavus Adolphus intervenes on the Protestant side in the Thirty Years War
Martin Luther (1483-1546) begins the Reformation in 1517
Luther's teachings spread throughout much of Europe
1555: Peace of Augsburg
cuius regio, eius religio
1563: Heidelberg Catechism written in the Palatinate
1618-1648: Thirty Years War
Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531)
Reform in Zurich
Counter-Reformation
Council of Trent (1545-1563)
Reverse Catholic losses during the Reformation
Italy remained Roman Catholic
Jakob Hutter (1500-1536) came from Tyrol
John Calvin (1509-1564)
Calvin's teachings take hold in Geneva and spread throughout much of Europe
Europe after the Reformation
Full transcript