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Leadership & Social Justice

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by

Rachel Lampert

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Leadership & Social Justice

Monday, March 3, 2014
Chapter 10
Leadership Models
Leadership Models
Counseling Leadership
Leadership Styles
Behavioral Approach
Leadership is mainly defined from a Western perspective of individualism and independence
Counseling leadership should be inclusive of different cultures and collaborative to promote social change and equality
A counseling leader is able to both help individuals reach their potential while also contributing to larger goals of the organization

Assumed that only leaders could possess these traits
Criticisms
Do these traits mean you can be a leader in multiple situations?
Lack of reliability and validity when gathering traits
Still doesn't involve women
Trait Approach
Leadership & Social Justice
Gender & Leadership
Women tend to lead in democratic ways focusing on interpersonal factors and participatory collaboration
Men tend to lead in task-oriented and performance based ways focusing on being directive and accomplishing tasks
These differences do not appear to be biologically based
Leadership research and theories have been mainly from a White male perspective, so women (especially those of color) may have a very different experience of being a leader
Earliest studies on leadership
Goal was to find personality traits of male leaders (political, military, industrial)
Assumption from research is that these were inherent traits in these leaders from birth and could not be taught
Trait Approach
Intelligence
Alertness
Verbal Facility
Originality
Judgment
Scholarship
Knowledge
Athletic Achievement
Dependability
Initiative
Persistence
Aggressiveness
Self-Confidence
Desire to Excel
Activity
Sociability
Cooperation
Adaptability
Humor
Socioeconomic
Position
Popularity
Capacity
Achievement
Responsibility
Participation
Status
Situational Leadership
A response to group differences (size, satisfaction, cohesion, homogeneity)
Measured by observation and talking to both group members and leaders
Similar criticisms as the trait approach
Leadership behaviors as observed by group members
Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire developed
Looked at consideration (ability to form relationships and relate to group members) & initiating structure (organizational abilities and capacity)
Great Man Studies
Contingency Theory
Combination of the three approaches
Depends on so many factors
What constitutes a leader? It depends.
Differing opinions on whether leaders are adaptable to different situations
Autocratic Leadership
Viewed by others as distant and unapproachable
Doesn't like giving up control or relating to others as equals
Has a hard time delegating tasks
Doesn't collaborate
Gives orders
Benevolent Leadership
Seen by others as caring and approachable but still makes decisions
"Parental" style of leading
Has expectations from followers but is open to talking about decisions
Bureaucratic Leadership
Seen by others as a good listener and approachable
Expects followers to be loyal and efficient
Focus on order and following rules and policies
Tasks are clearly articulated and defined
Empowering Leadership
Seen by others as democratic and collaborative
Followers expect to be involved in every aspect
More aligned with social justice work
Willing to bend and change rules to emphasize human needs
Servant Leadership
Seen by others as encouraging group decision-making and team mentality
Trusts followers to take responsibility
Concerned with cooperation and interdependent work styles
Also more aligned with social justice
Transformative Leadership
Leaders and followers are one in the same
Values equality and human rights
Entirely interdependent in nature
Ideal goal for social justice work
Characteristics of Social Justice and Human Rights Leaders
14 Characteristics of a Social Justice Leader
Social justice leaders must change institutions which support social injustices.
Provide individuals facing social injustice with a "what could be" instead of accepting "what is."
Use verbal and nonverbal skills to communication at multiple levels to help create alliances and partnerships.
Utilize understanding of group dynamics and processing.
Cognizant of interpersonal dynamics.
Genuineness
Authentic Collaborator
Courageous Risk Taker
Challenges Systems
Creative
Motivator
Humble, Lacking Ego
Responsible
A Guide, Not An Expert
Generates Empowerment
Understands Self
Understands and Appreciates Differences in Others
Able To Use and Understand Research and Data
Model For Others
Demonstrate authenticity to promote trust and support.
Develops positive relationships with families, clients and communities
Share the vision, ideas, power and decision making with clients, families, communities.
Let go of power and control over clients
Give and receive.
Creating change = taking risks.
Challenge inequalities, unfair practices, treatment, and decisions.
Staying silent maintains status quo.
Question and challenge current rules and regulations in attempts to minimize injustices.
Flexibility
Thinking outside the box and beyond what has been presented.
Convince and persuade for change.
Instill hope and a belief for a better future to produce change.
Empower others and know when to step away.
Partners in the process of change but ensuring clients become self reliant.
Model and accept ownership of mistakes and/or plans that may have failed.
Systems, individuals, communities, etc. cannot be the scapegoat.
Facilitate the process of justice and change allow stakeholders and clients to be the experts.
All individuals are empowered to make changes, develop and grow.
Self reflect to acknowledge sociopolitical values, beliefs, attitudes, worldviews and privileges.
Prevents biases from obstructing the process.
Must know oneself before helping others.
Ensure authentic understanding and appreciation of clients, families, and communities.
Become multicultural competent and understand history and sociopolitical issues and their effects today.
Use data and research for direction.
Social change should not be based on personal opinion.
While working as a change agent important to keep in mind that others are watching and may follow your lead.
Clips
Pay It Forward
Parks and Recreation
A Bugs Life
The Blind Side
Full transcript