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Miami, Identity & Inequality

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Julie Jenkins

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Miami, Identity & Inequality

Miami, Identity & Inequality
What experiences did Haitian youth have at the Miami high school profiled? How do these experiences differ for Haitian yough in middle-class neighborhoods?
Pressure to assimilate to become inner-city African American youth
Haitians in middle-class neighborhoods retain Haitian identity
"Group identities necessarily form through interaction with other groups - through complicated experiences of conflict and cooperation - and in the structural context of power" (Omi & Winant 1994)
--migrant communities in U.S
--Jamaica Rastafarians
--Japan Dancehall artists and Rastafarians
Issue is how power (ability to influence) and economic resources are divided between people based on perception of group affiliation & meanings attached to those groups
"Interactions between newcomer immigrants and Americans forge not only the identity of immigrants but also the nature of American self-identity"
Cuban Americans-- perception of and identity rooted in economic success and political representation
-Ability to obtain loans, jobs not necessarily based on individual effort and equal opportunity
frequent claims that race & ethnicity no longer are relevant in interactions or ability to access power, economic success and resources
Particularly in low income contexts:
--housing discrimination
--reproduces residential segregation
--reproduces educational segregation

-disproportionately denied access to credit & mortgages
--Racial profiling
--Stop & Frisk
Employment discrimination
--whites with criminal records more likely to be treated favorably than African Americans with NO criminal record
reproduces a system of economic inequality
"color-blind racism"-- forgoes references to race to a more subtle series of practices that differentiate (Hatigan 2010)
--social boundaries around class, ethnicity & race spoken about in terms of morality
--shift from moral sentiments to class and racial sentiments
--emphasize individual actions while downplaying social and structural circumstances that shape our experiences and opportunities
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