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Transcript of Expeditionary Learning
and how is it interdisciplinary? Thinking in a new direction...
The Pine Tree School Curriculum Design Project is Expeditionary Learning
Project-based learning that is relevant
Self-directed, motivating, and engaging
We are creating our own school! The Primacy of Self-discovery The Having of Wonderful Ideas The Responsibility of Learning Empathy and Caring Success and Failure Collaboration and Competition Diversity and Inclusion The Natural World Solitude and Reflection Service and Compassion The Ten Design Principles of Expeditionary Learning Learning Expeditions Reflection and Critique School Culture School Structures School Review Kurt "The Mahn" Hahn Kurt Hahn was the founder of several innovative and successful educational programs, among them Outward Bound and the United World Colleges. He is renowned both for the faith he had in young people to rise to almost any challenge put before them. He believed that educational experiences had the power to guide students in making the right choices in even the most difficult of circumstances.
“There is more in us than we know. If we can be made to see it, perhaps, for the rest of our lives we will be unwilling to settle for less.”
-Kurt Hahn "Learning expeditions are the central focus of curriculum and instruction, not an add-on or enrichment. They are the primary way that students learn the content and skills they need to understand, and an important part of the strategy to prepare students for mandated tests. The topics, questions, and learning goals that give shape to learning expeditions are informed by district and state standards."- The Odyssey School, Denver, CO "Teachers improve instructional practice and student learning by looking collaboratively at student and teacher work. Sharing and assessing student work helps teachers discover what students know and how they learn, and provides teachers with information on how to improve instruction and curriculum. Sharing and critiquing teacher work, instructional practice, and learning expeditions help teachers improve their craft in a collegial and respectful forum. Both of these processes emphasize that teachers are learners whose knowledge and craft continue to deepen. "- The Odyssey School, Denver, CO "In a school that has deeply implemented Expeditionary Learning and is continuously improving there is a culture of effort, high quality, community, collaboration, and reflection. The culture fosters a community of adults and students who work collaboratively toward a common vision of high expectations, high quality, and continuous improvement in every domain. The design principles are evident throughout the school, in the way people treat one another, and in every aspect of teaching and learning. School structures, policies, and rituals support an environment where adults and students feel emotionally and physically safe, and free to take risks and go beyond their perceived limits. " - The Odyssey School, Denver, CO "The staff is skilled in managing change and working collaboratively toward a common goal. Time, space, relationships, decision making, and resources are reorganized to foster powerful teaching and learning. All school policies and structures support the school vision of continuously improving student learning by deepening implementation of Expeditionary Learning. "- The Odyssey School, Denver, CO "In a school that has deeply implemented Expeditionary Learning and is continuously improving, teachers, administrators, parents, and students have a shared vision of high achievement for every student. All members of the school community are engaged in continuous improvement through a system of shared decision making and ongoing school review. The school regularly collects and analyzes quantitative and qualitative evidence about student learning and instructional practices to assess progress toward a common vision, set priorities for improvement, and develop a comprehensive school improvement plan centered around achieving school goals by strengthening Expeditionary Learning. An inclusive school review process drives continuous improvement. "- The Odyssey School, Denver, CO Expeditionary Learning approach to curriculum makes the common core standards come alive for students by connecting learning to real-world issues and needs. What are the steps to curriculum development?
1. Mapping Skills and Content Learning Targets
2. Designing Learning Expeditions
3. Formulating Guiding Questions
4. Selecting Case Studies
5. Designing Projects and Products
6. Incorporating Fieldwork, Experts, and Service Learning
7. Producing High-Quality Student Work
8. Teaching Global Skills and Knowledge
9. Supporting College and Career Readiness Mapping Skills and Content: The Intersection between Standards and the Curriculum
According to elschools.org:
1. Teachers and school leaders work together to ensure that learning expeditions, case studies, projects, lessons, and curricular decisions are based on required standards.
2. Teachers and school leaders prioritize standards that will receive particular emphasis, creating opportunities for depth and appropriate repetition of key skills and concepts.
3. Teachers and school leaders review measures of student achievement as indicators of how well the curriculum is addressing standards, and regularly make related adjustments to curriculum. "Expeditionary Learning classrooms are alive with discovery, inquiry, critical thinking, problem-solving, and collaboration. Teachers talk less. Students talk and think more. Lessons have explicit purpose, guided by learning targets for which students take ownership and responsibility. In all subject areas, teachers differentiate instruction and maintain high expectations in order to bring out the best in all students and cultivate a culture of high achievement."- elschools.org What instructional practices do Expeditionary Learning Schools use? How did they get the money to do this? Philanthropic History - The model needed this to get started, because it was a paradigm shift.
New American Schools Development Corporation - demonstration schools
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation - starting more schools
Fund for Teachers - Professional Development (Summer Sabbatical opportunities) Evidence-Based Research around this model has supported it's success. They are getting real results, which creates credibility and in-turn community and public schools adopting this model as a real and viable alternative to the traditional model. Academy of Educational Development - Standardized Test Scores
Nellie Mae Education Foundation- Research on student motivation and engagement Long-term, in-depth study of a single topic that explore vital guiding questions. They incorporate standards and involve fieldwork, service and research, culminating in a project, product, or performance. What is a Learning Expedition? Examples: Students explore topics such as Portland's Working Waterfront, the BP Oil Spill, the Flu Pandemic etc. Casco Bay High School For Expeditionary Learning, Family Handbook, 2012-2013 p.11 Teachers and Students need to be inspired in order for a school to be successful! The Expeditionary Learning Model emphasizes value in professional development. Research by the National Staff Development Council in 1999 concluded that Expeditionary Learning was the only program of twenty-six studied to meet all of their standards for quality professional development (http://elschools.org/) The model provides a structure that creates and values the space and time that is necessary to make this happen. Casco Bay High School, Portland Maine - What is Crew? Crew is similar to an Advisory Group in a more traditional model. An Expeditionary Learning School strives to have student crews stay together for 4 years, with one adviser for grades 9 &10 and another adviser for grades 11 &12. Often times your adviser is also your teacher. Crew is a 1-credit course, it meets daily for 30 minutes. Students must meet the Crew Standards to pass to the next year, this includes preparing and leading student-parent-adviser conferences. Focus of Crew:
To be known well by at least one adult in the school
To be an active member of an ongoing small peer community Guiding Principles of Crew:
Who am I?
How am I doing?
What are my plans for the future? Seven Crew Elements: Relationships, Governance, Service, Portfolio and Passage, Adventure and Fitness, Post-Secondary Preparation, School Administration Casco Bay High School For Expeditionary Learning, Family Handbook, 2012-2013 p. 7 http://www.odysseydenver.org/
Casco Bay High School for Expeditionary Learning, Family Handbook, 2012-2013
http://kurthahn.org/ Resources: School Structure Includes:
Dynamic Leadership, Compelling Curriculum, Engaging Instruction, Continuous Assessment, Positive School Cultures What will you see students in our schools doing?
Gaining academic knowledge, critical thinking skills, and problem-solving capacity - Readiness for College
Holding themselves and their peers to high expectations
Students as community leaders
Leading family conferences and making formal presentations to expert panels
Completing projects that challenge them to do the work of professionals — scientists, historians, mathematicians, writers, and artists
Working with experts to conduct field research and producing high quality academic products that meet professional standards
Participating in community service that is embedded in the curriculum
Building respectful and compassionate relationships with their peers and teachers.
Developing a sense of self and setting goals for their future What will you see teachers in our schools doing?
Collaborating with other teachers to create interdisciplinary meaningful curriculum
Reviewing student work with other teachers to help them improve their instruction
Continuously learning and growing in their content area
Developing relationships with their students
Defining Learning Targets - Clear goals Engaging Curriculum that creates motivation
Relevant and meaningful work grounded in community leadership
Project-based learning that focuses on a fewer number of standards, but cultivates deeper connections and higher level thinking skills using content knowledge
Clear Target Questions for each lesson that connect with the overarching Expedition goals
Continuous assessment and opportunity to demonstrate knowledge Questions the research raised for us?
1. Is Expeditionary Learning Schools a non-profit organization?
2. What is the process of becoming an Expeditionary Learning School, how do you get the seal of approval?
3. If you were going to transform a school would a team of staff come help the school and train the staff?
4. Does it cost money to be an Expeditionary Learning School?
5.How do you get money for professional development, do Expeditionary Learning Schools Allocate the money?
6. Do the teachers get paid to work together and map an improving and evolving awesome curriculum?
7. How much planning time is generally needed to create a stellar interdisciplinary curriculum?
8. Are Expeditionary Learning Schools only for struggling or failing schools?
9. Is the vocabulary the same in each expeditionary school? (expeditions, crew) Group work (Democratic Values)
Multiple roles for students
Students as experts
Hands on move around
Clear expectations sense of purpose
Student Responsibility Our Design Principles as a class: Students as experts
Teacher to teacher collaboration
Safe learning environment
develop interpersonal skills
coherent, engaging, and relevant
Take risks, get out of comfort zone
inquiry and project based
Clear learning expectations
interdisciplinary Casco Bay High School Academic Program:
Rigorous academics and focus on college preparation
Building character and an ethic of service
Adventure and Fitness
Use of primary sources
High quality work
Learning is public and collaborative Adventure Based Exploratory Learning:
Sophomore Passage Presentation - Reflection and Growth
Junior Journey - One-week Junior Internship (5-elective credits)
Senior Quest - Collaboration between Rippleffect and the Telling Room
Final Word - Capstone and culmination of Humanities and Crew Standards and Grading:
Standards: Each CBHS course is built around 10-15 course standards
Grading - Scale from 1-4
Habits of Work - Perseverance, community, collaboration, work ethically, personal best, accountability
Mud School- If students do not meet standards they have Mud School Casco Bay High School for Expeditionary Learning, Family Handbook, 2012-2013