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Science Fair 2013: Genetic Engineering

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Lloyd Ogbonna

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of Science Fair 2013: Genetic Engineering

What is genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering
is the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material
Genetic Engineering
can be triggered in various ways, including xenotransplantation
More on xenotransplantation
Xenotransplantation
began in 1971. It is most commonly used to replace the damaged tissue of human bones and skin.
Designer Genes
Negative Outcomes of GE
Random mutations
Unknown side effects
Side effects for secondary consumers
Ecological issues
Genetic Engineering: What is L
ife?

This process can prove useful in breeding children, to the liking of the parents. Soon you will be able to make a baby without sex
Xenotranplantation
is the process of grafting or transporting organs or tissues between different members of the species
There has never been an entirely successful
xenotransplantation
to date, due to the recipient's immune system, ultimately leading to the rejection of the xenograft, which in some cases can lead to immediate death.
Genetic Engineering allows for the possibility for parents to alter their children traits before their born.
Xenotransplantation
Leads to superhuman abilities/
Mamalian photosynthesis
Positive Outcomes of GE
Prevents life- threathening diseases in new born babies.
Transplant Rejection
Implementing Solutions
Science is all about trial and error, which can lead to many possible outcomes
In the end, whether these outcomes are seen as positive or negative, is entirely up to us.
References
Coleman.G. (n.d.). LexisNexis® Academic & Library Solutions. Business Solutions & Software for Legal, Education and Government | LexisNexis. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic/?shr=t&csi=7385&sr=TITLE(Genetic+engine
James A. Shapiro: What Natural Genetic Engineering Does and Does Not Mean. (n.d.). Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 17, 2013, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/james-a-shapiro/what-natural-genetic-engi_b_2783419.html
http://mesharpe.metapress.com/media/84v1qpmhul0va223recn/contributions/0/2/7/2/02727x364337620t.pdf
http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=8eb355fc-7c7e-4068-af84-a4f0d9887e7a%40sessionmgr110&vid=1&hid=125&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=iih&AN=4251188
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167779900015055

Rejection
of foreign genes comes in many forms. These forms of rejection can affect the subject of GE negatively
Hyperacute rejection
occurs within seconds to minutes of xenotransplantion
Acute rejection
can take efffect between days to months; in severe cases this can last years
Chronic rejection
Can create new species and may even save dying ones
Could be revered as mankind's greatest invention ever!
Full transcript