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Middle East Standard SS7H2 A
Transcript of Middle East Standard SS7H2 A
The Break up of the Empire
After WWI, the European countries (Allied Powers) split up the Ottoman Empire into smaller countries. However, the Allied Powers didn't pay attention to religious or ethnic lines when they were splitting up the Ottoman Empire. The San Remo Agreement was the treaty that defined the boundaries for these smaller countries. The smaller countries that were made during the break up of the Ottoman Empire is now considered modern day Middle Eastern countries.
Because the Europeans ignored the area the Kurds live in, they are forced to live in 6 other countries instead of their own. country.
Because the Kurds don't have a country to call there own, there is a struggle for land to live on.
How did the breakup of the Ottoman Empire lead to religious conflict?
The Ottoman Empire in the early 1900's
Religious Conflict in Israel
When the Europeans split up the Ottoman Empire, they didn't pay attention to ethnic or religious lines. So, when the boundaries for Israel were made, there was religious conflict between the Jews and the Arabs (Muslims) because the new boundaries of Israel did not enable the Jews or the Arabs (Muslims) to have control over Israel.
Ethnic Conflict with the Kurds
When the European countries split up the Ottoman Empire, they didn't pay attention to ethnic lines. So, the Kurds were split up into several countries, so now there is ethnic conflict over land. Therefore, because the European countries did not pay attention to ethnic lines, Kurds struggle to get their own country.
Fun Fact about the Arab Revolt
Fun Fact about the Ottoman Empire
The sultan that reigned over the Ottoman Empire during WWI was Mehmed V.
THE BREAK UP
When the Allied Powers split up the Ottoman Empire, they didn't split the Empire according to religious and ethnic lines...
From the 1300' to the end of WWI, the Ottoman Empire controlled majority of the Middle East. However, at the beginning of WWI the Ottoman Empire started to gt smaller and and weakened because it was difficult to control an empire that large. During WWI, the Ottoman Empire joined forces with the Central Powers which was a bad move because the European countries were getting stronger.
Before WWI, the Arabs were controlled by the Ottoman Empire. When WWI started, the Arabs joined the allied powers in hope of gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire and getting their own Arab state that stretched from Syria to Yemen. After WWI, the European countries didn't give the Arabs there own country. So, the Arabs were controlled by the Ottoman Empire before WWI, but were controlled by European countries after WWI.
The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine
United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine
When conflict arised about who should have control over Israel, the Jews or the Arabs (Muslims), the United Nations proposed a plan to give Israel to both the Jews and the Arabs. The plan, the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, was accepted by the Jewish leaders but not approved by the Arab leaders. So, the United Nations gave control over Israel to the Jews. Even though the UN recognized Israel as a independent states, some countries don't recognize Israel as an Jewish country. Therefore, conflict between Jews and Arabs are not full solved.
The Arab Revolt lasted from 1916 - 1918
The picture on the left shows the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine. The Jewish leaders accepted the plan, but the Arab leaders did not.
Because the Europeans didn't follow ethnic or religious lines when determining the boundaries, there is conflict between the Jews and the Arabs/ Palestinians.